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Type: Journal article
Title: The genetic history of Ice Age Europe
Author: Fu, Q.
Posth, C.
Hajdinjak, M.
Petr, M.
Mallick, S.
Fernandes, D.
Furtwängler, A.
Haak, W.
Meyer, M.
Mittnik, A.
Nickel, B.
Peltzer, A.
Rohland, N.
Slon, V.
Talamo, S.
Lazaridis, I.
Lipson, M.
Mathieson, I.
Schiffels, S.
Skoglund, P.
et al.
Citation: Nature, 2016; 534(7606):200-205
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Issue Date: 2016
ISSN: 0028-0836
Statement of
Qiaomei Fu ... Wolfgang Haak ... et al.
Abstract: Modern humans arrived in Europe ~45,000 years ago, but little is known about their genetic composition before the start of farming ~8,500 years ago. Here we analyse genome-wide data from 51 Eurasians from ~45,000-7,000 years ago. Over this time, the proportion of Neanderthal DNA decreased from 3-6% to around 2%, consistent with natural selection against Neanderthal variants in modern humans. Whereas there is no evidence of the earliest modern humans in Europe contributing to the genetic composition of present-day Europeans, all individuals between ~37,000 and ~14,000 years ago descended from a single founder population which forms part of the ancestry of present-day Europeans. An ~35,000-year-old individual from northwest Europe represents an early branch of this founder population which was then displaced across a broad region, before reappearing in southwest Europe at the height of the last Ice Age ~19,000 years ago. During the major warming period after ~14,000 years ago, a genetic component related to present-day Near Easterners became widespread in Europe. These results document how population turnover and migration have been recurring themes of European prehistory.
Keywords: Genetics, population
Rights: © 2016 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.
RMID: 0030048271
DOI: 10.1038/nature17993
Appears in Collections:Genetics publications

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