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dc.contributor.authorHansen, A.en
dc.contributor.authorNitschke, M.en
dc.contributor.authorSaniotis, A.en
dc.contributor.authorBenson, J.en
dc.contributor.authorTan, Y.en
dc.contributor.authorSmyth, V.en
dc.contributor.authorWilson, L.en
dc.contributor.authorHan, G.en
dc.contributor.authorMwanri, L.en
dc.contributor.authorBi, P.en
dc.identifier.citationBMC Public Health, 2014; 14(1):550-1-550-12en
dc.description.abstractBackground: Despite acclimatisation to hot weather, many individuals in Australia are adversely affected by extreme heat each summer, placing added pressure on the health sector. In terms of public health, it is therefore important to identify vulnerable groups, particularly in the face of a warming climate. International evidence points to a disparity in heat-susceptibility in certain minority groups, although it is unknown if this occurs in Australia. With cultural diversity increasing, the aim of this study was to explore how migrants from different cultural backgrounds and climate experiences manage periods of extreme heat in Australia. Methods: A qualitative study was undertaken across three Australian cities, involving interviews and focus groups with key informants including stakeholders involved in multicultural service provision and community members. Thematic analysis and a framework approach were used to analyse the data. Results: Whilst migrants and refugees generally adapt well upon resettlement, there are sociocultural barriers encountered by some that hinder environmental adaptation to periods of extreme heat in Australia. These barriers include socioeconomic disadvantage and poor housing, language barriers to the access of information, isolation, health issues, cultural factors and lack of acclimatisation. Most often mentioned as being at risk were new arrivals, people in new and emerging communities, and older migrants. Conclusions: With increasing diversity within populations, it is important that the health sector is aware that during periods of extreme heat there may be disparities in the adaptive capacity of minority groups, underpinned by sociocultural and language-based vulnerabilities in migrants and refugees. These factors need to be considered by policymakers when formulating and disseminating heat health strategies.en
dc.description.statementofresponsibilityAlana Hansen, Monika Nitschke, Arthur Saniotis, Jill Benson, Yan Tan, Val Smyth, Leigh Wilson, Gil-Soo Han, Lillian Mwanri and Peng Bien
dc.publisherBioMed Centralen
dc.rights© 2014 Hansen et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.en
dc.subjectExtreme heat; climate change; migrants Australiaen
dc.titleExtreme heat and cultural and linguistic minorities in Australia: perceptions of stakeholdersen
dc.typeJournal articleen
pubs.library.collectionPublic Health publicationsen
dc.identifier.orcidHansen, A. [0000-0003-0195-3770]en
dc.identifier.orcidNitschke, M. [0000-0002-8524-7867]en
dc.identifier.orcidTan, Y. [0000-0002-4013-1713]en
dc.identifier.orcidBi, P. [0000-0002-3238-3427]en
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