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dc.contributor.authorRodger, M.-
dc.contributor.authorHague, W.-
dc.contributor.authorKingdom, J.-
dc.contributor.authorKahn, S.-
dc.contributor.authorKarovitch, A.-
dc.contributor.authorSermer, M.-
dc.contributor.authorClement, A.-
dc.contributor.authorCoat, S.-
dc.contributor.authorChan, W.-
dc.contributor.authorSaid, J.-
dc.contributor.authorRey, E.-
dc.contributor.authorRobinson, S.-
dc.contributor.authorKhurana, R.-
dc.contributor.authorDemers, C.-
dc.contributor.authorKovacs, M.-
dc.contributor.authorSolymoss, S.-
dc.contributor.authorHinshaw, K.-
dc.contributor.authorDwyer, J.-
dc.contributor.authorSmith, G.-
dc.contributor.authorMcDonald, S.-
dc.contributor.authoret al.-
dc.identifier.citationThe Lancet, 2014; 384(9955):1673-1683-
dc.description.abstractBackground Thrombophilias are common disorders that increase the risk of pregnancy-associated venous thromboembolism and pregnancy loss and can also increase the risk of placenta-mediated pregnancy complications (severe pre-eclampsia, small-for-gestational-age infants, and placental abruption). We postulated that antepartum dalteparin would reduce these complications in pregnant women with thrombophilia. Methods In this open-label randomised trial undertaken in 36 tertiary care centres in fi ve countries, we enrolled consenting pregnant women with thrombophilia at increased risk of venous thromboembolism or with previous placenta-mediated pregnancy complications. Eligible participants were randomly allocated in a 1:1 ratio to either antepartum prophylactic dose dalteparin (5000 international units once daily up to 20 weeks’ gestation, and twice daily thereafter until at least 37 weeks’ gestation) or to no antepartum dalteparin (control group). Randomisation was done by a web-based randomisation system, and was stratifi ed by country and gestational age at randomisation day with a permuted block design (block sizes 4 and 8). At randomisation, site pharmacists (or delegates) received a randomisation number and treatment allocation (by fax and/or e-mail) from the central web randomisation system and then dispensed study drug to the local coordinator. Patients and study personnel were not masked to treatment assignment, but the outcome adjudicators were masked. The primary composite outcome was independently adjudicated severe or earlyonset pre-eclampsia, small-for-gestational-age infant (birthweight <10th percentile), pregnancy loss, or venous thromboembolism. We did intention-to-treat and on-treatment analyses. This trial is registered with, number NCT00967382, and with Current Controlled Trials, number ISRCTN87441504. Findings Between Feb 28, 2000, and Sept 14, 2012, 292 women consented to participate and were randomly assigned to the two groups. Three women were excluded after randomisation because of ineligibility (two in the antepartum dalteparin group and one in the control group), leaving 146 women assigned to antepartum dalteparin and 143 assigned to no antepartum dalteparin. Some patients crossed over to the other group during treatment, and therefore for ontreatment and safety analysis there were 143 patients in the dalteparin group and 141 in the no dalteparin group. Dalteparin did not reduce the incidence of the primary composite outcome in both intention-to-treat analysis (dalteparin 25/146 [17·1%; 95% CI 11·4–24·2%] vs no dalteparin 27/143 [18·9%; 95% CI 12·8–26·3%]; risk diff erence −1·8% [95% CI –10·6% to 7·1%)) and on-treatment analysis (dalteparin 28/143 [19·6%] vs no dalteparin 24/141 [17·0%]; risk diff erence +2·6% [95% CI –6·4 to 11·6%]). In safety analysis, the occurrence of major bleeding did not diff er between the two groups. However, minor bleeding was more common in the dalteparin group (28/143 [19·6%]) than in the no dalteparin group (13/141 [9·2%]; risk diff erence 10·4%, 95% CI 2·3–18·4; p=0·01). Interpretation Antepartum prophylactic dalteparin does not reduce the occurrence of venous thromboembolism, pregnancy loss, or placenta-mediated pregnancy complications in pregnant women with thrombophilia at high risk of these complications and is associated with an increased risk of minor bleeding.-
dc.description.statementofresponsibilityM.A. Rodger ... W.M. Hague ... S. Coat ... et al. (for the TIPPS Investigators)-
dc.rights© 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.-
dc.subjectTIPPS Investigators-
dc.subjectPregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular-
dc.subjectFibrinolytic Agents-
dc.subjectPregnancy Outcome-
dc.subjectTreatment Outcome-
dc.subjectRisk Factors-
dc.subjectVenous Thromboembolism-
dc.titleAntepartum dalteparin versus no antepartum dalteparin for the prevention of pregnancy complications in pregnant women with thrombophilia (TIPPS): a multinational open-label randomised trial-
dc.typeJournal article-
dc.identifier.orcidHague, W. [0000-0002-5355-2955]-
dc.identifier.orcidCoat, S. [0000-0002-3836-2854]-
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