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|Title:||Managed temporary labour migration of Pacific Islanders to Australia and New Zealand in the early twenty-first century|
|Citation:||Australian Geographer, 2017; 48(1):27-36|
|Publisher:||Taylor & Francis|
|Richard Bedford, Charlotte Bedford, Janet Wall & Margaret Young|
|Abstract:||Circular migration was one of several enduring themes in Graeme Hugo’s highly productive research career. Although his specialist field was Asian population movement, during the 2000s he became increasingly interested in labour migration in the Pacific Islands. This paper reviews the development of two managed circular migration schemes targeting Pacific labour that emerged following the UN High-level Dialogue on International Migration and Development in 2006. New Zealand’s Recognised Seasonal Employer (RSE) scheme and Australia’s Seasonal Worker Program (SWP) have attracted international attention as the kind of ‘best practice’ temporary labour migration schemes that Hugo had in mind when he emphasised the positive contributions that circular forms of mobility could make to development in both source and destination countries. The two schemes have transformed mobility between the participating countries and have played a major role in the negotiations over a free-trade agreement between Pacific Forum countries, including Australia and New Zealand. Although the schemes have been in operation for almost 10 years, this paper argues that they are not becoming ‘business as usual’; they embody complex systems of relationships between multiple stakeholders that require ongoing management to ensure that they do not become traps for low-skilled, low-paid ‘permanent’ temporary workers.|
|Keywords:||Circular migratio; Graeme Hug; Pacific Island; seasonal work scheme; Australi; New Zealand|
|Rights:||© 2017 Geographical Society of New South Wales Inc.|
|Appears in Collections:||Geography, Environment and Population publications|
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