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|Title:||Neuropsychological and information processing performance and its relationship to white matter changes following moderate and severe traumatic brain injury: a preliminary study|
|Citation:||Applied Neuropsychology, 2004; 11(3):134-152|
|Publisher:||Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.|
|Mathias, J. L.; Bigler, E. D.; Jones, N. R.; Bowden, S. C.; Barrett-Woodbridge, M.; Brown, G. C.; Taylor, D. J.|
|Abstract:||Reductions in information processing speed have frequently been reported following moderate and severe traumatic brain injuries (TBIs), consistent with the effects of diffuse white matter damage. Although the corpus callosum (CC) is a common site for diffuse damage following TBI, the effects of this damage on information processing speed have not been adequately examined. This study assessed a TBI group and a matched control group on tests of attention, memory, fluency, and set shifting ability, together with reaction time (RT) tasks requiring the inter- and intrahemispheric processing of visual and tactile information. The RT tasks were designed to target the cognitive functions that are likely to be affected by diffuse white matter damage, including damage to the CC. The TBI group demonstrated deficits in verbal and visual fluency and verbal memory. They were also slower on the visual and tactile RT tasks, were more affected by task complexity, and slower on RT tasks requiring the interhemispheric transfer of information. In fact, one of the interhemispheric tactile RT tasks proved to be the most discriminating of all the cognitive and RT measures. MRIs completed on a subset of TBI participants indicated that the mean CC measurements were 5%to 19% smaller than a normative control group, with the most atrophied areas being the isthmus and anterior midbody. Although white matter atrophy was moderately related to visual and tactile RT performance, and total hippocampal volume related to memory performance, CC area was not related to many of the tasks that were designed to tap interhemispheric processing. None of the standard cognitive tests correlated with outcome in the TBI group, but 1 of the tactile RT measures was significantly related to 2 measures of outcome.|
|Keywords:||interhemispheric processing; white matter; traumatic brain injury; neuropsychological performance; corpus callosum; information processing speed|
|Description:||Copyright © 2004 Lawrence Erlbaum Associates|
|Appears in Collections:||Psychology publications|
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