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Type: Journal article
Title: Natural history and long-term impact of dental fluorosis: a prospective cohort study
Author: Do, L.
Ha, D.
Spencer, A.
Citation: Medical Journal of Australia, 2016; 204(1):25.e1-25.e7
Publisher: Australasian Medical Publishing Company
Issue Date: 2016
ISSN: 0025-729X
Statement of
Loc G Do, Diep H Ha, A John Spencer
Abstract: The study assessed longitudinal changes in the presentation of dental fluorosis and evaluated the impact of fluorosis on the perception of oral health among young adults.Prospective follow-up study during 2011-12 of a population-based study in South Australia conducted between 2003 and 2004.8-13-year-old children initially examined in 2003 and 2004.Dental fluorosis was assessed with the Thylstrup and Fejerskov (TF) Index. The impact on perceptions of oral health by the study participants and their parents was assessed with the Global Rating of Oral Health (GROH). Pairwise comparative analysis of the presentation of fluorosis was conducted at the individual and tooth levels. Multivariable models of changes in fluorosis were generated. An ordinal logistic regression model was used to evaluate the association between GROH with dental fluorosis, caries and other factors.A total of 314 participants completed the follow-up questionnaires and dental examination. Over 60% of teeth scored as TF 1 at baseline were scored as TF 0 at follow-up; 66% of teeth scored as TF 2 or 3 at baseline were scored as TF 0 or 1 at follow-up. In multivariable models, changes in fluorosis were not significantly associated with socio-economic factors or oral health behaviours, confirming that they were the result of a natural process. Perceptions of poor oral health were significantly associated with the number of untreated decayed tooth surfaces at follow-up, but not with fluorosis.Very mild and mild dental fluorosis diminished with time. Dental fluorosis did not have a negative impact on perceptions of oral health.
Keywords: Humans
Fluorosis, Dental
Regression Analysis
Cohort Studies
Follow-Up Studies
Prospective Studies
Oral Health
Young Adult
Surveys and Questionnaires
Rights: © 2016 AMPCo Pty Ltd. Produced with Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
DOI: 10.5694/mja15.00703
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Dentistry publications

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