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Type: Conference paper
Title: Learning from informal settlements: provision and incremental construction of housing for the urban poor in Davao City, Philippines
Author: Malaque, I.
Bartsch, K.
Scriver, P.
Citation: Proceedings of the 49th International Conference of Architectural Science Association: Living and Learning: Research for a Better Built Environment, 2015 / Crawford, R., Stephan, A. (ed./s), pp.163-172
Publisher: Architectural Science Association and The University of Melbourne
Publisher Place: Melbourne
Issue Date: 2015
ISBN: 978-0-9923835-2-7
Conference Name: 49th International Conference of Architectural Science Association (2 Dec 2015 - 4 Dec 2015 : Melbourne, Australia)
Editor: Crawford, R.
Stephan, A.
Statement of
Isidoro Malaque III, Katharine Bartsch and Peter Scriver
Abstract: The incremental construction of housing for the urban poor is the main agent of progressive development in developing countries. Low income households in Davao City, Philippines, were classified into five different types from informal to formal housing. The aim of this paper is to explore the incremental construction of different housing types in the course of their development. Fieldwork revealed that the degree of security of tenure was directly related to the stages of incremental construction. For example, a simple dwelling in an informal settlement was upgraded with permanent building materials and standard methods of construction when the inhabitants’ degree of security improved. Over time, the physical condition of the house deteriorated when the inhabitants focused on payment for the land. Eventually, the completion of the house (defined here as a formal structure) coincided with legal ownership of the land. This typical incremental building pattern in informal environments, built by the urban poor, requires detailed understanding in order to provide effective housing interventions, and concomitant policy decisions, which are both appropriate and sustainable in developing countries.
Keywords: Incremental construction, informal settlements, Philippines, self-help housing
Rights: ©© 2015, The Architectural Science Association and The University of Melbourne. The copyright in these proceedings belongs to the Architectural Science Association and The University of Melbourne. Copyright of the papers contained in these proceedings remains the property of the authors. Apart from fair dealing for the purpose of private study, research or review, as permitted under the Copyright Act, no part of this book may be reproduced by any process without the prior permission of the publishers and authors.
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