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|Title:||Human ecological implications of climate change in the Himalaya: pilot studies of adaptation in agro-ecosystems within two villages from Middle Hills and Tarai, Nepal|
|Citation:||Conference Proceedings Impacts World 2013: International Conference on Climate Change Effects, 2013 / Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (ed./s), pp.536-547|
|Publisher:||Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research|
|Conference Name:||Impacts World 2013. International Conference on Climate Change Effects (27 May 2013 - 30 May 2013 : Potsdam, Germany)|
|Rishikesh Pandey, Douglas K Bardsley|
|Abstract:||Climate change is interpreted as one of the most serious environmental problems for the 21st century. Changes in climate are now generally accepted. However, the rate of change has spatial characteristics and is highly uncertain. The Himalaya is experiencing abrupt change; so vulnerability and adaptation studies have become crucial. This pilot study presents initial findings of the research project entitled ‘Human Ecological Implications of Climate Change in the Himalaya.’ A study of climate change perceptions, vulnerability, and adaptation strategies of farming communities of the cool-wet temperate (Lumle) and the hot-wet sub-tropical (Meghauli) villages in Central Nepal was conducted. The findings are derived from the analysis of temperature and precipitation data of last 40 years, and primary data collected in September 2012. Focus Group Discussions, Key Informant Interviews, and Historical Timeline Calender were applied. The changes perceived by the communities are fairly consistent with the meteorological observations and are challenging the sustainability of social-ecological systems and communities’ livelihoods. Farming communities have adopted some strategies to minimize the vulnerability. But the adopted strategies have produced both negative and positive results. Strategies like flood control, shifting crop calendars, occupational changes and labour migrations have produced positive results in livelihood security. Occupational changes and labour migration have negatively impacted local agro-ecology and agricultural economies. Early-harvesting strategies to reduce losses from hailstorm have reduced the food and fodder security. Lack of irrigation for rice-seedlings is severely affecting the efficacy of shifting the rice-transplantation calendar. Conclusions suggest that while farmers have practiced strategies to better management of farms, livelihood sustainabilities are reaching thresholds due to the changing conditions.|
|Keywords:||Adaptation; Climate Change; Human Ecological; Nepal; Vulnerability|
|Rights:||Copyright status unknown|
|Appears in Collections:||Geography, Environment and Population publications|
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