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|Title:||Geometric morphometrics provides an alternative approach for interpreting the affinity of fossil lizard jaws|
|Citation:||Journal of Herpetology, 2017; 51(3):375-382|
|Publisher:||Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles|
|Jaimi A. Gray, Mathew C. McDowell, Mark N. Hutchinson and Marc E.H. Jones|
|Abstract:||The jaws of lizards commonly occur in Quaternary fossil deposits and have the potential to inform our understanding of recent changes in climate and environment. Frequently, however, interpretation of their taxonomic affinity is difficult because of either a lack of morphological characters and identifications or ones which are sometimes no more than subjective visual comparisons. Here, we evaluate the taxonomic affinity of a maxilla from the Holocene of Kelly Hill Caves (Kangaroo Island, South Australia) by comparing it to a sample of modern agamid lizards using computer models generated from X-ray computed tomography data and three-dimensional geometric morphometrics. To represent the shape of the maxilla, we used 22 fixed landmarks and 30 semi-landmarks placed at equivalent points on the three-dimensional surface files of the maxillae. Procrustes distances show that, with respect to overall shape difference, the fossil does not closely resemble Ctenophorus decresii, which is the only agamid currently present on Kangaroo Island. Preliminary comparisons to other candidate agamid taxa from southeastern Australia suggest instead that the fossil is most similar to Amphibolurus muricatus and Amphibolurus norrisi and least similar to Tympanocryptis lineata. Geometric morphometrics show promise as a more objective means of quantifying and characterizing shape differences. Reliable identifications, however, require sufficient specimen collections to adequately represent within-species variation (including ontogenetic variation).|
|Rights:||Copyright 2017 Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles|
|Appears in Collections:||Ecology, Evolution and Landscape Science publications|
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