Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/111017
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dc.contributor.authorMills, J.en
dc.contributor.authorWeinstein, P.en
dc.contributor.authorGellie, N.en
dc.contributor.authorWeyrich, L.en
dc.contributor.authorLowe, A.en
dc.contributor.authorBreed, M.en
dc.date.issued2017en
dc.identifier.citationRestoration Ecology, 2017; 25(6):866-872en
dc.identifier.issn1061-2971en
dc.identifier.issn1526-100Xen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2440/111017-
dc.description.abstractRestoration aims to return ecosystem services, including the human health benefits of exposure to green space. The loss of such exposure with urbanization and industrialization has arguably contributed to an increase in human immune dysregulation. The Biodiversity and Old Friends hypotheses have described the possible mechanisms of this relationship, and suggest that reduced exposure to diverse, beneficial microorganisms can result in negative health consequences. However, it is unclear whether restoration of biodiverse habitat can reverse this effect, and what role the environmental microbiome might have in such recovery. Here, we propose the Microbiome Rewilding Hypothesis, which specifically outlines that restoring biodiverse habitats in urban green spaces can rewild the environmental microbiome to a state that enhances primary prevention of human disease. We support our hypothesis with examples from allied fields, including a case study of active restoration that reversed the degradation of the soil bacterial microbiome of a former pasture. This case study used high-throughput amplicon sequencing of environmental DNA to assess the quality of a restoration intervention in restoring the soil bacterial microbiome. The method is rapid, scalable, and standardizable, and has great potential as a monitoring tool to assess functional outcomes of green-space restoration. Evidence for the Microbiome Rewilding Hypothesis will help motivate health professionals, urban planners, and restoration practitioners to collaborate and achieve co-benefits. Co-benefits include improved human health outcomes and investment opportunities for biodiversity conservation and restoration.en
dc.description.statementofresponsibilityJacob G. Mills, Philip Weinstein, Nicholas J.C. Gellie, Laura S. Weyrich, Andrew J. Lowe, Martin F. Breeden
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherWileyen
dc.rights© 2017 Society for Ecological Restorationen
dc.subjectEcosystem services; eDNA; immune dysregulation; metabarcoding; primary prevention; restoration genomicsen
dc.titleUrban habitat restoration provides a human health benefit through microbiome rewilding: the Microbiome Rewilding Hypothesisen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.identifier.rmid0030076829en
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/rec.12610en
dc.relation.granthttp://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/DE150100542en
dc.relation.granthttp://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/DP150103414en
dc.identifier.pubid367529-
pubs.library.collectionEcology, Evolution and Landscape Science publicationsen
pubs.library.teamDS14en
pubs.verification-statusVerifieden
pubs.publication-statusPublisheden
dc.identifier.orcidMills, J. [0000-0001-6713-0035]en
dc.identifier.orcidGellie, N. [0000-0001-9761-8832]en
dc.identifier.orcidLowe, A. [0000-0003-1139-2516]en
dc.identifier.orcidBreed, M. [0000-0001-7810-9696]en
Appears in Collections:Ecology, Evolution and Landscape Science publications

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