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|Title:||Development and evaluation of three real-time PCR assays for genotyping and source tracking Cryptosporidium spp. in water|
|Citation:||Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 2015; 81(17):5845-5854|
|Publisher:||American Society for Microbiology|
|Na Li, Norman F. Neumann, Norma Ruecker, Kerri A. Alderisio, Gregory D. Sturbaum, Eric N. Villegas, Rachel Chalmers, Paul Monis, Yaoyu Feng, Lihua Xiao|
|Abstract:||The occurrence of Cryptosporidium oocysts in drinking source water can present a serious public health risk. To rapidly and effectively assess the source and human-infective potential of Cryptosporidium oocysts in water, sensitive detection and correct identification of oocysts to the species level (genotyping) are essential. In this study, we developed three real-time PCR genotyping assays, two targeting the small-subunit (SSU) rRNA gene (18S-LC1 and 18S-LC2 assays) and one targeting the 90-kDa heat shock protein (hsp90) gene (hsp90 assay), and evaluated the sensitivity and Cryptosporidium species detection range of these assays. Using fluorescence resonance energy transfer probes and melt curve analysis, the 18S-LC1 and hsp90 assays could differentiate common human-pathogenic species (C. parvum, C. hominis, and C. meleagridis), while the 18S-LC2 assay was able to differentiate nonpathogenic species (such as C. andersoni) from human-pathogenic ones commonly found in source water. In sensitivity evaluations, the 18S-LC2 and hsp90 genotyping assays could detect as few as 1 Cryptosporidium oocyst per sample. Thus, the 18S-LC2 and hsp90 genotyping assays might be used in environmental monitoring, whereas the 18S-LC1 genotyping assay could be useful for genotyping Cryptosporidium spp. in clinical specimens or wastewater samples.|
|Keywords:||Cryptosporidium; fresh water|
|Rights:||Copyright © 2015, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||Microbiology and Immunology publications|
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