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Type: Journal article
Title: Repression of basal transcription by vitamin D receptor: evidence for interaction of unliganded vitamin D receptor with two receptor interaction domains in rip13Δ1
Other Titles: Repression of basal transcription by vitamin D receptor: evidence for interaction of unliganded vitamin D receptor with two receptor interaction domains in rip13Delta1
Author: Dwivedi, P.
Muscat, G.
Bailey, P.
Omdahl, J.
May, B.
Citation: Journal of Molecular Endocrinology, 1998; 20(3):327-335
Publisher: Society for Endocrinology
Issue Date: 1998
ISSN: 0952-5041
Statement of
P P Dwivedi, G E O Muscat, P J Bailey, J L Omdahl and B K May
Abstract: Repression of basal transcription of a 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25-(OH)2D3) responsive 25-hydroxyvitamin D3-24-hydroxylase (CYP24) promoter construct as observed in kidney cells in the absence of ligand and this repression was dependent on a functional vitamin D response element (VDRE). Basal repression was also seen with a construct where a consensus DR-3-type VDRE was fused to the thymidine kinase promoter. Expression of a dominant negative vitamin D receptor (VDR) isoform that strongly bound to the VDRE motif in the CYP24 promoter ablated basal repression. This VDR isoform lacked sequence in the hinge- and ligand-binding domains implicating one or both of these domains in basal repression. It is well known that thyroid hormone and retinoic acid receptors silence basal transcription of target genes in the absence of ligands and this repressor function can be mediated by the nuclear receptor corepressor N-CoR. Two variants of N-CoR have been described, RIP13a and RIP13delta1. N-CoR and the variants contain two receptor interaction domains, ID-I and ID-II, which are identical except region ID-II in RIP13delta1 has an internal deletion. We have used the mammalian two hybrid system to investigate whether VDR, in the absence of ligand 1,25-(OH)2D3, can interact with these domains. The data showed that unliganded VDR does not interact with either ID-I or ID-II from RIP13a and RIP13delta1, but does interact strongly with a composite domain of ID-I and ID-II from RIP13delta1 (but not from RIP13a) and this strong interaction is abrogated in the presence of ligand. This finding implicates RIP13delta1 in VDR-dependent basal repression of the promoter constructs under investigation. However, over-expression of RIP13delta1 in kidney cell lines did not alter basal expression of the CYP24 promoter construct. It is concluded that either the level of endogenous RIP13delta1 in these kidney cells permits maximal repression or that repression occurs by a mechanism that is independent of RIP13delta1. Alternatively, repression may be dependent on RIP13delta1 but requires an additional cofactor that is limiting in these cells.
Keywords: Kidney
Cell Line
COS Cells
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System
Steroid Hydroxylases
Receptors, Calcitriol
Recombinant Fusion Proteins
DNA Primers
Restriction Mapping
Transcription, Genetic
Enzyme Repression
Binding Sites
Base Sequence
Consensus Sequence
Promoter Regions, Genetic
Genetic Variation
Vitamin D3 24-Hydroxylase
Rights: © 1998 Society for Endocrinology
DOI: 10.1677/jme.0.0200327
Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest 7
Biochemistry publications

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