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|Title:||Histone H4 acetylation in plant heterochromatin is altered during the cell cycle|
|Author:||Belyaev, Nikolai D.|
|Citation:||Chromosoma, 1997; 106(3):193-197|
|Nikolai D. Belyaev, Andreas Houben, Pawel Baranczewski and Ingo Schubert|
|Abstract:||Using polyclonal antibodies directed against acetylated isoforms of histone H4 (H4 acetylated at lysine positions 5, 8, 12, 16 and H4 tetraacetylated), indirect immunofluorescence revealed hyperacetylation for all H4 variants at the nucleolus organizer region (NOR) of metaphase chromosomes of the field bean Vicia faba. The transcriptionally inactive and late-replicating heterochromatin regions proved to be hypoacetylated at lysine positions 5, 8 and 12. The remaining chromatin showed average fluorescence. These patterns were altered when deacetylase was blocked by exposure of root tip meristems to trichostatin A for more than 2 h prior to fixation. Under these conditions, all lysine positions, except lysine 8, appeared to be hyperacetylated at the NOR and in addition at the prominent heterochromatin domains. This observation represents a hitherto unique switch of histone acetylation pattern during the cell cycle. This is apparently caused by deposition of acetylated H4.Ac5, 12 and 16 or by acetylation directly after replication, which later on becomes reduced (H4.Ac16) or even reversed (H4.Ac5 and 12) by deacetylase before cells enter mitosis.|
|Description:||The original publication can be found at www.springerlink.com|
|Appears in Collections:||Genetics publications|
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