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|Title:||The acetylation patterns of histones H3 and H4 along Vicia faba chromosomes are different|
|Author:||Belyaev, Nikolai D.|
|Citation:||Chromosome Research, 1998; 6(1):59-63|
|N. D. Belyaev, A. Houben, P. Baranczewski and I. Schubert|
|Abstract:||The acetylation pattern of H3 was studied on field bean chromosomes by means of indirect immunofluorescence using polyclonal antibodies recognizing H3 isoforms acetylated at lysine positions 9/18, 14 and 23. H3 was found to be hypoacetylated at lysine residues 9/18 and 14 within the heterochromatic regions composed of tandem repetitive Fok-I elements. Hyperacetylation of these residues was observed at the nucleolar organizing region (NOR) and in heterochromatic regions composed of repeats other than Fok-I elements. In contrast, H4 was underacetylated (H4.Ac5, 8, 12) or uniformly acetylated (H4.Ac16) at all heterochromatic regions, and acetylated above the average at all four lysines only within the NOR. Acetylation of lysine-23 of H3 was uniform, except for the NOR that showed no fluorescence. Inhibition of deacetylase during and after replication of heterochromatin by trichostatin A had no influence on the acetylation status of H3 but mediated an increase in acetylation of lysines 5, 12 and 16 of H4 above the average in the field bean heterochromatin. Thus, the chromosomal acetylation patterns of H4 and H3 of this species revealed common and divergent features. Whereas the acetylation level of H4 correlates well with the potential transcriptional activity and inversely with the time of replication of defined chromatin domains of Vicia faba, this is not generally true for H3.|
|Keywords:||deacetylase inhibition; field bean; heterochromatin; histone acetylation patterns; indirect immunofluorescence|
|Description:||The original publication can be found at www.springerlink.com|
|Appears in Collections:||Genetics publications|
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