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Type: Journal article
Title: Dorsal-mediated repression requires the formation of a multiprotein repression complex at the ventral silencer.
Author: Valentine, S.
Chen, G.
Shandala, T.
Fernandez, J.
Mische, S.
Saint, R.
Courey, A.
Citation: Molecular and Cellular Biology, 1998; 18(11):6584-6594
Issue Date: 1998
ISSN: 0270-7306
Abstract: Dorsal functions as both an activator and repressor of transcription to determine dorsoventral fate in the Drosophila melanogaster embryo. Repression by Dorsal requires the corepressor Groucho (Gro) and is mediated by silencers termed ventral repression regions (VRRs). A VRR in zerknüllt (zen) contains Dorsal binding sites as well as an essential element termed AT2. We have identified and purified an AT2 DNA binding activity in embryos and shown it to consist of cut (ct) and dead ringer (dri) gene products. Studies of loss-of-function mutations in ct and dri demonstrate that both genes are required for the activity of the AT2 site. Dorsal and Dri both bind Gro, acting cooperatively to recruit it to the DNA. Thus, ventral repression may require the formation of a multiprotein complex at the VRR. This complex includes Dorsal, Gro, and additional DNA binding proteins, which appear to convert Dorsal from an activator to a repressor by enabling it to recruit Gro to the template. By showing how binding site context can dramatically alter transcription factor function, these findings help clarify the mechanisms responsible for the regulatory specificity of transcription factors.
Keywords: Animals; Drosophila melanogaster; DNA-Binding Proteins; Homeodomain Proteins; Insect Proteins; Drosophila Proteins; Nerve Tissue Proteins; Nuclear Proteins; Phosphoproteins; Transcription Factors; Repressor Proteins; Oligodeoxyribonucleotides; DNA Footprinting; Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental; Binding Sites; Morphogenesis; Genes, Insect; Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors; Transcriptional Activation
RMID: 0030004284
DOI: 10.1128/MCB.18.11.6584
Appears in Collections:Genetics publications

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