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|Title:||Glycosaminoglycans of guinea pig prostate fibromuscular stroma: influence of estrogen and androgen on levels and location of chondroitin sulfate|
|Citation:||The Prostate, 1994; 25(6):320-332|
|Dr. David J. Horsfall, Keiko Mayne, John M. Skinner, Gino T. P. Saccone, Villis R. Marshall, Wayne D. Tilley|
|Abstract:||The effects of aging and hormone manipulation on the glycosaminoglycan (GAG) content of prostatic stroma in guinea pigs were investigated. Total GAG and individual GAG classes (chondroitin, dermatan, and heparan sulfates, and hyaluronic acid) were measured biochemically in stromal extracts. Chondroitin sulfate was also measured and localized by video image analysis of immunocytochemically-stained tissue sections. The weight and total GAG (uronic acid) content of prostatic stroma increased between the ages of 2 weeks and 2 years by 7-8-fold and 4-5-fold respectively. GAG concentration per unit weight of stroma declined 4-fold during puberty and remained essentially unchanged thereafter. Similar results were obtained for each of the GAG classes. The decreases in GAG concentration were associated with a 3-fold increase in the size of the smooth muscle cells of the prostatic stroma during puberty. Hormonal control of GAG deposition in the prostatic stroma was investigated by steroid replacement in prepubertally-castrated animals. Administration of dihydrotestosterone (DHT) to castrate animals for 6 weeks resulted in significantly reduced concentrations of stromal uronic acid, compared with untreated castrate animals (P < 0.05). The GAG levels post-DHT treatment were similar to those observed after pubertal development in sham-operated control animals. Estradiol treatment had the opposite effect to that of DHT, resulting in a significantly increased concentration of uronic acid compared with castrate animals (P < 0.05). These steroid-induced changes in stromal GAG deposition were mostly contributed to by chondroitin and dermatan sulfates. Combined treatment with DHT and estradiol resulted in stromal uronic acid concentrations similar to those of animals receiving DHT alone, indicating that the effect of DHT on stromal GAG deposition is dominant over the effects of estradiol. Morphometric measurement, using computer-assisted video image analysis of a chondroitin sulfate epitope in prostatic sections stained with a monoclonal antibody (6C3), supported the biochemical data. Stereometric profiles across several sectioned glands demonstrated that chondroitin sulfate was confined to the periacinar basement membranes of the prostatic stroma in all groups except the estradiol-treated castrate animals, where the immunostaining extended from the periacinar basement membrane throughout the fibromuscular stroma. Treatment of castrate animals with estradiol alone also induced a physicochemical change in the chondroitin sulfate molecule, resulting in reduced electrophoretic mobility. In summary, this study identifies changes in the quantity, structure, and localization of chondroitin sulfate in the prostatic stroma of estradiol-treated guinea pigs. Furthermore, estradiol and DHT have opposing effects on the level of chondroitin and dermatan sulfate expression in the prostatic stroma.|
|Keywords:||Proteoglycans; development; hormonal; regulation; image analysis; mkorphometry|
|Rights:||© 1994 Wiley‐Liss, Inc., A Wiley Company|
|Appears in Collections:||Medicine publications|
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