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Type: Journal article
Title: Trends in cardiac biomarker testing in China for patients with acute myocardial infarction, 2001 to 2011: China PEACE-Retrospective AMI Study
Author: Zhan, L.
Masoudi, F.
Li, X.
Hu, S.
Venkatesh, A.
Spertus, J.
Lin, Z.
Desai, N.
Li, J.
Krumholz, H.
Jiang, L.
Citation: PLoS ONE, 2015; 10(4)
Publisher: Public Library Science
Issue Date: 2015
ISSN: 1932-6203
1932-6203
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Lijuan Zhan, Frederick A. Masoudi, Xi Li, Shuang Hu, Arjun K. Venkatesh, John A. Spertus, Zhenqiu Lin, Nihar R. Desai, Jing Li, Harlan M. Krumholz, Lixin Jiang, China PEACE Collaborative Group
Abstract: To describe trends in the availability of biomarker testing in Chinese hospitals and how practice complies with established standards for the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI).Cardiac biomarker testing is standard in high-income countries, but little is known about the availability and use of cardiac biomarker testing in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) such as China.Based on a nationally representative sample of Chinese hospitals in 2001, 2006 and 2011, we describe the temporal trends and regional differences in the hospital capability and rates of use of cardiac biomarker testing, as well as the variation in use across hospitals with testing capability, for patients labeled with the diagnosis of AMI.We sampled 175 hospitals (162 participated in the study) and 18,631 AMI admissions. 14,370 patients were included in analysis of biomarker use. The proportion of hospitals with biomarker testing capability was 57.4% in 2001 (25.0% troponin and 32.4% creatine kinase MB fraction (CK-MB) only) and 96.3% (81.4% troponin and 14.9% CK-MB only) in 2011. The proportion of hospitals with troponin testing capability in 2011 was significantly higher in urban compared with rural hospitals (96.8% vs. 71.4%, p< 0.001). In 2011, only 55.9% of hospitals with troponin testing capability (71 out of 127 hospitals) used the assay for more than 80% of their patients with AMI. Among hospitals with either biomarker testing capability, there was marked variation in use in both rural (from 7.1% to 100.0% of patients) and urban hospitals (from 57.9% to 100.0% of patients). In 2011, 36.1% of the patients with AMI did not have troponin tested and 4.9% did not have either biomarker measured.The recommended biomarker tests for AMI diagnosis are not universally available and the testing is not consistently applied when it is available in China.ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01624883.
Keywords: Myocardium
Rights: © 2015 Zhan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
RMID: 0030104351
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0122237
Appears in Collections:Medicine publications

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