Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/122248
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Type: Journal article
Title: The 2019 report of the MJA-Lancet Countdown on health and climate change: a turbulent year with mixed progress
Author: Beggs, P.J.
Zhang, Y.
Bambrick, H.
Berry, H.L.
Linnenluecke, M.K.
Trueck, S.
Bi, P.
Boylan, S.M.
Green, D.
Guo, Y.
Hanigan, I.C.
Johnston, F.H.
Madden, D.L.
Malik, A.
Morgan, G.G.
Perkins-Kirkpatrick, S.
Rychetnik, L.
Stevenson, M.
Watts, N.
Capon, A.G.
Citation: Medical Journal of Australia, 2019; 211(11):490-491, 491.e1-491.e21
Publisher: Australasian Medical Publishing Company Ltd
Issue Date: 2019
ISSN: 0025-729X
1326-5377
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Paul J Beggs, Ying Zhang, Hilary Bambrick, Helen L Berry, Martina K Linnenluecke, Stefan Trueck, Peng Bi, Sinead M Boylan, Donna Green, Yuming Guo, Ivan C Hanigan, Fay H Johnston, Diana L Madden, Arunima Malik, Geoffrey G Morgan, Sarah Perkins, Kirkpatrick, Lucie Rychetnik, Mark Stevenson, Nick Watts, Anthony G Capon
Abstract: The MJA-Lancet Countdown on health and climate change was established in 2017 and produced its first Australian national assessment in 2018. It examined 41 indicators across five broad domains: climate change impacts, exposures and vulnerability; adaptation, planning and resilience for health; mitigation actions and health co-benefits; economics and finance; and public and political engagement. It found that, overall, Australia is vulnerable to the impacts of climate change on health, and that policy inaction in this regard threatens Australian lives. In this report we present the 2019 update. We track progress on health and climate change in Australia across the same five broad domains and many of the same indicators as in 2018. A number of new indicators are introduced this year, including one focused on wildfire exposure, and another on engagement in health and climate change in the corporate sector. Several of the previously reported indicators are not included this year, either due to their discontinuation by the parent project, the Lancet Countdown, or because insufficient new data were available for us to meaningfully provide an update to the indicator. In a year marked by an Australian federal election in which climate change featured prominently, we find mixed progress on health and climate change in this country. There has been progress in renewable energy generation, including substantial employment increases in this sector. There has also been some progress at state and local government level. However, there continues to be no engagement on health and climate change in the Australian federal Parliament, and Australia performs poorly across many of the indicators in comparison to other developed countries; for example, it is one of the world's largest net exporters of coal and its electricity generation from low carbon sources is low. We also find significantly increasing exposure of Australians to heatwaves and, in most states and territories, continuing elevated suicide rates at higher temperatures. We conclude that Australia remains at significant risk of declines in health due to climate change, and that substantial and sustained national action is urgently required in order to prevent this.
Keywords: Climate change; Health communication; Health financing; Health policy; Morbidity; Mortality; Population health; Risk management
Description: Includes Summary and Report
Rights: © 2019 AMPCo Pty Ltd
RMID: 1000004975
DOI: 10.5694/mja2.50405
Grant ID: http://purl.org/au-research/grants/nhmrc/1121035
Appears in Collections:Public Health publications

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