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Type: Journal article
Title: Influence of abiotic and biotic factors on two co-occurring species of Bolboschoenus
Author: Siebentritt, M.
Ganf, G.
Citation: Marine and Freshwater Research, 2000; 51(1):73-80
Publisher: C S I R O Publishing
Issue Date: 2000
ISSN: 1323-1650
Statement of
Mark A. Siebentritt and George G. Ganf
Abstract: Distribution of the emergent macrophytes Bolboschoenus medianus and Bolboschoenus caldwellii is dominated by the latter at regions higher on the elevation gradient, whereas the former is dominant further down the gradient. Monocultures and mixtures of plants were grown across a water-depth gradient in experimental ponds to determine whether distribution is due to abiotic factors, biotic factors, or a combination of both. Monocultures of each species tolerated exposure, showing little variation in relative growth rate (RGR), net assimilation rate (NAR) or leaf area ratio (LAR). Survival when initially flooded was dependent on shoot height. Plants surviving inundation responded by increasing height through reallocation of biomass. The RGR of B. medianus was maintained across the water-depth gradient by increasing NAR as LAR declined. The RGR of B. caldwellii beyond a depth of −20 cm declined because reductions in LAR were not paralleled by increases in NAR. Mixtures of species growing at 20 cm and 0 cm indicated that biotic interactions occurred and that B. caldwellii was the dominant species. Neither species dominated at −60 cm, presumably because this was beyond the depth tolerated by both species. The study suggests that the zonation of B. medianus and B. caldwellii is attributable to a combination of both abiotic and biotic factors.
RMID: 0001000019
DOI: 10.1071/MF99045
Appears in Collections:Ecology, Evolution and Landscape Science publications
Earth and Environmental Sciences publications
Earth and Environmental Sciences publications

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