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dc.contributor.authorForbes, J.en
dc.contributor.authorKilpatrick, M.en
dc.contributor.authorFritts, D.en
dc.contributor.authorManson, A.en
dc.contributor.authorVincent, R.en
dc.identifier.citationAnnales Geophysicae, 1997; 15(9):1158-1164en
dc.description.abstractInterpretations of space-based measurements of atmospheric parameters in the mesosphere and thermosphere are complicated by large local-time variations at these altitudes. For this reason, satellite orbits are often preferred which precess through all local times one or more times per season. However, the local-time structure of the atmosphere is inherently non-stationary, which can lead to sampling and aliasing difficulties when attempting to deconvolve the measurements into zonal mean and tidal components. In the present study, hourly radar measurements of mesopause-region winds are used to form a mock data base which can be used to gain insight into implications of the aforementioned problems; the use of actual measurements introduces a realistic element of geophysical temporal variability. Assuming zonal symmetry (i.e., migrating tides superimposed on a zonal mean circulation), the radar measurements are sampled from the satellite perspective for orbital inclinations of 57° and 70°, and compared to the ground or true perspective. These comparisons provide realistic estimates of the errors to be expected when attempting to derive mean and tidal components from space-based measurements. For both diurnal and semidiurnal components, and the quoted satellite inclinations, acceptable errors (3–4m/srms) are obtained for data covering 24h local time (i.e., ascending plus descending nodes); the corresponding errors for single-node data (12h local-time coverage) are of order 8–11m/s, and therefore may not represent reliable estimates of the actual tidal components. There exist certain caveats in connection with the latter conclusion which are discussed.en
dc.publisherEuropean Geosciences Unionen
dc.titleZonal mean and tidal dynamics from space: An empirical examination of aliasing and sampling issuesen
dc.typeJournal articleen
pubs.library.collectionPhysics publicationsen
dc.identifier.orcidVincent, R. [0000-0001-6559-6544]en
Appears in Collections:Physics publications

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