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Type: Journal article
Title: Cannabinoid receptor 2 modulates maturation of dendritic cells and their capacity to induce hapten-induced contact hypersensitivity
Author: Gaffal, E.
Kemter, A.
Scheu, S.
Leite Dantas, R.
Vogt, J.
Baune, B.
Tüting, T.
Zimmer, A.
Alferink, J.
Citation: International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2020; 21(2):1-12
Publisher: MDPI AG
Issue Date: 2020
ISSN: 1422-0067
Statement of
Evelyn Gaffal, Andrea M. Kemter, Stefanie Scheu, Rafael Leite Dantas, Jens Vogt, Bernhard Baune, Thomas Tüting, Andreas Zimmer and Judith Alferink
Abstract: Contact hypersensitivity (CHS) is an established animal model for allergic contact dermatitis. Dendritic cells (DCs) play an important role in the sensitization phase of CHS by initiating T cell responses to topically applied haptens. The cannabinoid receptors 1 (CB1) and 2 (CB2) modulate DC functions and inflammatory skin responses, but their influence on the capacity of haptenized DCs to induce CHS is still unknown. We found lower CHS responses to 2,4-dinitro-1-fluorobenzene (DNFB) in wild type (WT) mice after adoptive transfer of haptenized Cnr2-/- and Cnr1-/-/Cnr2-/- bone marrow (BM) DCs as compared to transfer of WT DCs. In contrast, induction of CHS was not affected in WT recipients after transfer of Cnr1-/- DCs. In vitro stimulated Cnr2-/- DCs showed lower CCR7 and CXCR4 expression when compared to WT cells, while in vitro migration towards the chemokine ligands was not affected by CB2. Upregulation of MHC class II and co-stimulatory molecules was also reduced in Cnr2-/- DCs. This study demonstrates that CB2 modulates the maturation phenotype of DCs but not their chemotactic capacities in vitro. These findings and the fact that CHS responses mediated by Cnr2-/- DCs are reduced suggest that CB2 is a promising target for the treatment of inflammatory skin conditions.
Keywords: CB1; CB2; CCL19; CXCL12; MHC; allergic contact dermatitis; cannabinoid receptors; dendritic cells; hapten 2,4-dinitro-1-fluorobenzene; migration; skin inflammation
Rights: © 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (
RMID: 1000012900
DOI: 10.3390/ijms21020475
Appears in Collections:Medicine publications

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