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Type: Journal article
Title: Pilot trial of a group cognitive behavioural therapy program for comorbid depression and obesity
Author: Lores, T.
Musker, M.
Collins, K.
Burke, A.
Perry, S.
Wong, M.
Licinio, J.
Citation: BMC Psychology, 2020; 8(1):34-1-34-11
Publisher: BioMed Central
Issue Date: 2020
ISSN: 2050-7283
Statement of
Taryn Lores, Michael Musker, Kathryn Collins, Anne Burke, Seth W. Perry, Ma-Li Wong and Julio Licinio
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Depression and obesity are significant global health concerns that commonly occur together. An integrated group cognitive behavioural therapy program was therefore developed to simultaneously address comorbid depression and obesity. METHODS: Twenty-four participants (63% women, mean age 46 years) who screened positively for depression with a body mass index ≥25 were recruited from a self-referred general population sample. The group therapy program (10 two-hour weekly sessions) was examined in a single-arm, before-after pilot trial, conducted in a behavioural health clinic in Adelaide, Australia. Primary outcomes included survey and assessment-based analyses of depression, anxiety, body image, self-esteem, and weight (kg), assessed at four time-points: baseline, post-intervention, three-months and 12-months post program. Eighteen participants (75%) completed the program and all assessments. RESULTS: Significant improvements in depression, anxiety, self-esteem and body shape concern scores, several quality of life domains, eating behaviours and total physical activity (among others) - but not weight - were observed over the course of the trial. CONCLUSIONS: Results from this pilot trial suggest that combining interventions for depression and obesity may be useful. Further development of the program, particularly regarding the potential for physical health benefits, and a randomised controlled trial, are warranted. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Trial registration: ANZCTR, ACTRN12617001079336, 13 July 2017. Retrospectively registered after date of the first consent (6 July 2017), but before the date of the first intervention session (20 July 2017).
Keywords: Depression; Obesity; Comorbid; Cognitive behavioural therapy; CBT; Psychotherapy; Emotional health
Description: Published online: 17 April 2020
Rights: © The Author(s). 2020 Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated in a credit line to the data.
RMID: 1000019052
DOI: 10.1186/s40359-020-00400-w
Appears in Collections:Psychology publications

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