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Type: Journal article
Title: Turbulence characteristics in the wake of a heliostat in an atmospheric boundary layer flow
Author: Jafari, A.
Emes, M.
Cazzolato, B.
Ghanadi, F.
Arjomandi, M.
Citation: Physics of Fluids, 2020; 32(4):045116-1-045116-16
Publisher: AIP Publishing
Issue Date: 2020
ISSN: 1070-6631
Statement of
Azadeh Jafari, Matthew Emes, Benjamin Cazzolato, Farzin Ghanadi, and Maziar Arjomandi
Abstract: The mean and spectral characteristics of turbulence in the wake flow of a flat plate model resembling a heliostat in the atmospheric boundary layer flow are investigated in a wind tunnel experiment. Mean velocity and turbulence kinetic energy were characterized in the wake of a heliostat model at three elevation angles up to a distance of eight times the characteristic dimension of the heliostat panel. An increase in turbulence intensity and kinetic energy was found in the wake flow, reaching a peak at a distance equal to approximately twice the characteristic dimension of the heliostat panel. Furthermore, spectral and wavelet analysis of velocity fluctuations in the wake showed that the dominant mechanism in the immediate downstream of the plate was the breakdown of large inflow turbulence structures to smaller scales. In the end, the wake-induced turbulence patterns and wind loads in a heliostat field were discussed. It was found that compared to a heliostat at the front row, the heliostats positioned in high-density regions of a field were subjected to a higher turbulence intensity and, consequently, larger dynamic wind loading. The results show that it is necessary to consider the increased unsteady wind loads for the design of a heliostat in high-density regions of a field, where the gap between the rows is less than three-times the characteristic length of the heliostat panel.
Rights: © 2020 Author(s). Published under license by AIP Publishing.
DOI: 10.1063/5.0005594
Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest 8
Mechanical Engineering publications

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