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Type: Journal article
Title: Urban megaprojects and water justice in Southeast Asia: Between global economies and community transitions
Author: Hawken, S.
Avazpour, B.
Harris, M.
Marzban, A.
Munro, P.G.
Citation: Cities, 2021; 113:103068-1-103068-17
Publisher: Elsevier
Issue Date: 2021
ISSN: 0264-2751
Statement of
Scott Hawken, Behnaz Avazpour, Mike S. Harris, Atousa Marzban, Paul George Munro
Abstract: Within the Southeast Asian context, urban megaprojects are often delivered in aquatic or semi-aquatic contexts, transforming local hydrological systems used for sanitation, agriculture, sustenance, resource use and cultural purposes by the local populations. This paper addresses a key knowledge gap on the impacts of urban mega-projects on water security and water-related human rights in Southeast Asia through a literature review, field observations and digital earth observation. Three case studies in Cambodia, Vietnam and Myanmar were used to develop a picture of urban megaproject impacts on urban water landscapes and the human rights of local communities. The paper adapts recent human rights frameworks developed specifically for megaproject life cycles and applies them to the selected urban megaproject case studies. The seven stages in the megaproject life cycle are linked with specific accountability measures for duty bearers. Current challenges and opportunities for the global urban development community are developed in relation to water justice and megaprojects. Further the question of a just urban transition is developed to mediate between megaproject proponents and local communities in the Global South.
Keywords: Ecosystem service; Human rights; Megaproject; urban design; urban development; urban transition; Water management
Description: Available online 1 April 2021
Rights: © 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
DOI: 10.1016/j.cities.2020.103068
Appears in Collections:Architecture publications
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