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Type: Journal article
Title: Tacrolimus dose, blood concentrations and acute nephrotoxicity, but not CYP3A5/ABCB1 genetics, are associated with allograft tacrolimus concentrations in renal transplant recipients
Author: Sallustio, B.C.
Noll, B.D.
Hu, R.
Barratt, D.T.
Tuke, S.J.
Coller, J.K.
Russ, G.R.
Somogyi, A.A.
Citation: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 2021; 87(10):3901-3909
Publisher: Wiley
Issue Date: 2021
ISSN: 0306-5251
Statement of
Benedetta C. Sallustio, Benjamin D. Noll, Rong Hu, Daniel T. Barratt, Jonathan Tuke ... at al.
Abstract: AIM: Long-term use of the immunosuppressant tacrolimus is limited by nephrotoxicity. Following renal transplantation, the risk of nephrotoxicity may be determined more by allograft than by blood tacrolimus concentrations, and thus may be affected by donor CYP3A5 and ABCB1 genetics. Little is known regarding factors that determine tacrolimus intra-renal exposure. METHODS: This study investigated the relationship between trough blood (C0Blood ) and allograft (CGraft ) tacrolimus concentrations and tacrolimus dose, haematocrit, genetics, acute nephrotoxicity, rejection status, delayed graft function and time post-transplant. C0Blood and CGraft were quantified in 132 renal transplant recipients together with recipient and donor CYP3A5 (rs776746) and ABCB1 3435 (rs1045642) genotypes. RESULTS: C0Blood ranged from 2.6-52.3 ng/mL and CGraft from 33-828 pg/mg tissue. Adjusting for dose, recipients who were CYP3A5 expressors had lower C0Blood compared to non-expressors, whilst delayed graft function was associated with higher C0Blood . Linear regression showed that the significant predictors of CGraft were C0Blood (point-wise P = 7x10-10 ), dose (P = 0.004) and an interaction between C0Blood and acute tacrolimus nephrotoxicity (P = 0.0002), with an adjusted r2 = 0.35 and no contribution from donor or recipient CYP3A5 or ABCB1 genotype. The association between CGraft and acute nephrotoxicity depended on one very high CGraft (828 pg/mg tissue). CONCLUSIONS: Recipient and donor CYP3A5 and ABCB1 3435C>T genotypes are not determinants of allograft tacrolimus exposure in kidney transplant recipients. However, tacrolimus dose and C0Blood were significant predictors of CGraft , and the relationship between C0Blood and CGraft appeared to differ in the presence or absence of acute nephrotoxicity.
Keywords: ABCB1
allograft concentrations
Description: First published: 01 March 2021
Rights: © 2021 British Pharmacological Society
DOI: 10.1111/bcp.14806
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Pharmacology publications

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