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Type: Journal article
Title: Optimum postweaning test for measurement of growth rate, feed intake, and feed efficiency in British breed cattle
Author: Archer, J.
Arthur, P.
Herd, R.
Parnell, P.
Pitchford, W.
Citation: Journal of Animal Science, 1997; 75(8):2024-2032
Issue Date: 1997
ISSN: 0021-8812
Abstract: The optimum duration of test for measurement of growth rate, feed intake, feed conversion, and residual feed intake was examined using postweaning feed intake and weight data from 760 Angus, Hereford, Polled Hereford, and Shorthorn heifer and Angus bull progeny from 78 sires. Variance components, heritability, phenotypic and genetic correlations, and the efficiency of selection using shortened tests compared with a 199-d test were used as criteria to assess the optimum test length. The results indicated that a 35-d test was sufficient for measurement of feed intake, whereas a 70-d test was required to measure growth rate, feed conversion, and residual feed intake without compromising the accuracy of measurement. When a 70-d test is used to measure growth rate, feed conversion, and residual feed intake there is minimal loss in accuracy when weights are collected every 2 wk instead of weekly, but a further increase in the interval between weights to 5 wk caused a decline in the accuracy of the test. Therefore a 70-d test with cattle weighed every 2 wk seems to be optimal for measuring these traits in British breed cattle.
Keywords: Animals; Cattle; Body Weight; Weight Gain; Breeding; Environment; Eating; Phenotype; Time Factors; Animal Feed; Female; Male
RMID: 0030003775
DOI: 10.2527/1997.7582024x
Appears in Collections:Agriculture, Food and Wine publications

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