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dc.contributor.authorAmarasena, N.-
dc.contributor.authorChrisopoulos, S.-
dc.contributor.authorJamieson, L.M.-
dc.contributor.authorLuzzi, L.-
dc.identifier.citationInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2021; 18(21):11539-1-11539-14-
dc.descriptionPublished: 2 November 2021-
dc.description.abstractThis study was conducted to describe the distribution and trends in dental caries, periodontal disease and tooth loss in Australian adults based on the findings of the National Study of Adult Oral Health 2017–18. A cross-sectional study of a random sample of Australians aged 15+ years was carried out, employing a three-stage stratified probability sampling design. Data were collected via online survey/telephone interviews using a questionnaire to elicit self-reported information about oral health and related characteristics. Participants were then invited to have an oral examination, conducted by calibrated dental practitioners following a standardised protocol in public dental clinics. A total of 15,731 Australians aged 15+ years were interviewed, of which 5022 dentate participants were orally examined. Results showed that nearly one third of Australian adults had at least one tooth surface with untreated dental caries and, on average, 29.7 decayed, missing or filled tooth surfaces per person. Almost 29% of adults presented with gingivitis while the overall prevalence of periodontitis was 30.1%. Overall, 4% of adults were edentulous while, on average, 4.4 teeth were lost due to pathology. Poorer oral health was evident in Australians from lower socioeconomic backgrounds, indicating socioeconomic inequalities in oral health. Time trends revealed that dental caries experience and tooth retention of Australian adults has improved over 30 years, while periodontal health has deteriorated between 2004–06 and 2017–18. These findings can be used to assist policy makers in planning and implementing future oral healthcare programs.-
dc.description.statementofresponsibilityNajith Amarasena, Sergio Chrisopoulos, Lisa M. Jamieson and Liana Luzzi-
dc.publisherMDPI AG-
dc.rightsCopyright: © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https:// 4.0/).-
dc.subjectdental caries; oral health; periodontal disease; tooth loss-
dc.subject.meshCross-Sectional Studies-
dc.subject.meshDMF Index-
dc.subject.meshDental Caries-
dc.subject.meshOral Health-
dc.subject.meshPeriodontal Diseases-
dc.subject.meshProfessional Role-
dc.subject.meshTooth Loss-
dc.titleOral Health of Australian Adults: Distribution and Time Trends of Dental Caries, Periodontal Disease and Tooth Loss-
dc.typeJournal article-
dc.identifier.orcidAmarasena, N. [0000-0001-7359-694X]-
dc.identifier.orcidChrisopoulos, S. [0000-0002-0192-4382]-
dc.identifier.orcidJamieson, L.M. [0000-0001-9839-9280]-
dc.identifier.orcidLuzzi, L. [0000-0002-5450-6483]-
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