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Type: Journal article
Title: Temporomandibular dysfunction experience is associated with oral health-related quality of life: an Australian national study
Author: Hanna, K.
Nair, R.
Amarasena, H.
Armfield, J.M.
Brennan, D.S.
Citation: BMC Oral Health, 2021; 21(1):432-1-432-13
Publisher: Springer Nature
Issue Date: 2021
ISSN: 1472-6831
Statement of
Kamal Hanna, Rahul Nair, Najith Amarasena, Jason M. Armfeld, and David S. Brennan
Abstract: Background: There are very few studies of the association between temporomandibular dysfunction (TMD) and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in a representative sample from the Asia–Pacifc region. Accordingly, we aimed to quantify the association of TMD with OHRQoL dimensions and overall measurement scores in a representative sample of Australian adults while accounting for a range of confounders, and statistically estimating whether TMD experience is meaningfully associated with OHRQoL. Method: Australia’s National Survey of Adult Oral Health 2004–2006 data were used. The outcome variables were the Oral Health Impact Profle (OHIP-14) domains and overall scores while the main exposure was self-reported Diagnostic Criteria Question for TMD. The analysis accounted for confounders including oral health status obtained from the oral examination, demographics, socioeconomics, health behaviours and health including perceived stress subscales of the PSS-14. We conducted complex samples analysis while using Cohen’s f 2 efect size to estimate whether the association is meaningful. Results: TMD prevalence was 9.9% (95% CI: 8.4–11.6%) among 4133 Australian adults. TMD experience was associated with impairments to the seven OHIP-14 OHRQoL domains (P<.05) with higher impairments observed in physical pain (B=0.82, 95% CI: .45–1.20, P<.001), psychological discomfort (B=0.68, 95% CI: .29–1.06, P=.001) and psychological disability (B=0.52, 95% CI: .20–.84, P=.001) in adjusted multivariate analyses. The diference in the mean OHIP-14 scores for those reporting TMD (Mean=13.1, 95% CI: 12.0–14.0) and those who did not (Mean=6.6, 95% CI: 6.0–6.8) was signifcant (t=7.51, P<.001). In an adjusted multivariable model for OHIP-14 scores, TMD experience was associated with higher OHIP-14 scores (B=3.34, 95% CI: 1.94–4.75, P<.001) where the Cohen’s f 2 was .022. Further, perceived stress subscales: perceived distress and perceived control were associated with TMD experience and OHIP14 scores (P<.05). Conclusion: Lower OHRQoL was observed in Australian adults who reported TMD experience but with small clinical importance which might support considering TMD in regular dental care. The higher impairments observed in physical pain, psychological discomfort and psychological disability domains of OHRQL can help clinicians and researchers focus their attention on these domains. The confounding efect exhibited by the perceived stress subscale might support their inclusion in future TMD and OHRQoL research.
Keywords: Humans
Temporomandibular Joint Disorders
Quality of Life
Oral Health
Surveys and Questionnaires
Rights: © The Author(s) 2021. Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativeco applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated in a credit line to the data.
DOI: 10.1186/s12903-021-01773-z
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Appears in Collections:Dentistry publications

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