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|Title:||The influence of family socioeconomic status on toothbrushing practices in Australian children|
|Citation:||Journal of Public Health Dentistry, 2021; 81(4):308-315|
|Van Anh Trinh, Emiri Tarbit, Loc Do, Diep Ha, Santosh Kumar Tadakamadla|
|Abstract:||Objective: To assess the relationship between toothbrushing behavior and socio-demographic characteristics in Australian children. Methods: Data were collected through the 2012–2014 Australian National Child Oral Health Survey (NCOHS). NCOHS was a cross-sectional survey of representative school children aged 5–14 years of Australia with a total sample size of 24,664 children. Results: Two-thirds (69%) of Australian children brushed twice or more times a day and the mean age of starting toothbrushing with fluoridated toothpaste was 24 months. Males were less consistent with toothbrushing than females (OR = 0.85; 95% CI: 0.74–0.97) and the likelihood of brushing twice or more a day improved with the increase in age (OR = 1.05; 95% CI: 1.02–1.08). Children with university educated (OR = 1.80; 95% CI: 1.44–2.26), vocational trained parents'/guardians' (OR = 1.45, 95% CI 1.11–1.90), living in families with an income of >AU$120,000 (OR = 1.42; 95% CI: 1.08–1.89) and having an overseas born parent (OR = 1.30; 95% CI: 1.07–1.58) were more likely to brush their teeth twice or more a day than their comparative counterparts. Children in households with two children (OR = 1.33; 95% CI: 1.07–1.64) were more likely to brush twice or more than single-child households. Children with a health welfare card tended to delay the start of toothbrushing by 1.4 months in comparison to those without a welfare card. Children with one of the caregivers born overseas started brushing later than those with Australia born caregivers (B = 1.04; SE = 0.46). Children living in high income and educated families and households with two or more children tended to start toothbrushing at an earlier age. Conclusions: Several family socio-demographic factors influenced toothbrushing habits in Australian children.|
|Keywords:||Children; determinants; socioeconomic status; toothbrushing|
|Rights:||© 2021 American Association of Public Health Dentistry|
|Appears in Collections:||Dentistry publications|
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