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Type: Journal article
Title: Beyond the Backyard: GIS Analysis of Public Green Space Accessibility in Australian Metropolitan Areas
Author: Hsu, Y.-Y.
Hawken, S.
Sepasgozar, S.
Lin, Z.-H.
Citation: Sustainability, 2022; 14(8):4694-1-4694-25
Publisher: MDPI AG
Issue Date: 2022
ISSN: 2071-1050
Statement of
Yi-Ya Hsu, Scott Hawken, Samad Sepasgozar and Zih-Hong Lin
Abstract: During times of stress and social pressure, urban green space provides social, cultural, and economic resources that help individuals and communities cope. Green space accessibility is, therefore, an important indicator related to people’s health and welfare. However, green space accessibility is not even throughout urban areas, with some areas better served with green space than others. Green space patterning is, therefore, a major environmental justice challenge. This research uses GIS approaches to analyze and understand urban green space access of urban communities in the Australian metropolitan areas of Adelaide, Melbourne, Sydney, and Brisbane. We calculate indicators to describe green space access in relation to different green space patterns within different metropolitan zones, including the inner urban, suburban, and peri urban. We use the best available open data from the Australian census of 2017 to calculate green space accessibility. Our results describe the relationship between population density and green space distribution and patterning in the four metropolitan areas. We find that even cities which are generally thought of as liveable have considerable environmental justice challenges and inequity and must improve green space access to address environmental inequity. We also find that a range type of measures can be used to better understand green space accessibility. Accessibility varies greatly both within metropolitan areas and also from city to city. Through improving our understanding of the green space accessibility characteristics of Australian metropolitan areas, the result of this study supports the future planning of more just and equal green cities.
Keywords: environmental justice
green open space
green infrastructure
environmental planning
Description: Published: 14 April 2022
Rights: Copyright: © 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https:// 4.0/).
DOI: 10.3390/su14084694
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Appears in Collections:Architecture publications

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