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Type: Journal article
Title: Defining and unpacking the core concepts of pharmacology education
Author: Santiago, M.
Davis, E.A.
Hinton, T.
Angelo, T.A.
Shield, A.
Babey, A.M.
Kemp-Harper, B.
Maynard, G.
Al-Sallami, H.S.
Musgrave, I.F.
Fernandes, L.B.
Ngo, S.N.T.
Christopoulos, A.
White, P.J.
Citation: Pharmacology Research and Perspectives, 2021; 9(6):e00894-1-e00894-9
Publisher: Wiley
Issue Date: 2021
ISSN: 2052-1707
Statement of
Marina Santiago, Elizabeth A. Davis, Tina Hinton, Thomas A. Angelo, Alison Shield, Anna-Marie Babey, Barbara Kemp-Harper, Gregg Maynard, Hesham S. Al-Sallami, Ian F. Musgrave, Lynette B. Fernandes, Suong N. T. Ngo, Arthur Christopoulos, Paul J. White
Abstract: Pharmacology education currently lacks a research-based consensus on which core concepts all graduates should know and understand, as well as a valid and reliable means to assess core conceptual learning. The Core Concepts in Pharmacology Expert Group (CC-PEG) from Australia and New Zealand recently identified a set of core concepts of pharmacology education as a first step toward developing a concept inventory—a valid and reliable tool to assess learner attainment of concepts. In the current study, CC-PEG used established methodologies to define each concept and then unpack its key components. Expert working groups of three to seven educators were formed to unpack concepts within specific conceptual groupings: what the body does to the drug (pharmacokinetics); what the drug does to the body (pharmacodynamics); and system integration and modification of drug–response. First, a one-sentence definition was developed for each core concept. Next, sub-concepts were established for each core concept. These twenty core concepts, along with their respective definitions and sub-concepts, can provide pharmacology educators with a resource to guide the development of new curricula and the evaluation of existing curricula. The unpacking and articulation of these core concepts will also inform the development of a pharmacology concept inventory. We anticipate that these resources will advance further collaboration across the international pharmacology education community to improve curricula, teaching, assessment, and learning.
Keywords: concept inventory; core concept; health science education; pharmacology education; postgraduate education; science education; undergraduate education; unpacking
Rights: © 2021 The Authors. Pharmacology Research & Perspectives published by British Pharmacological Society and American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics and John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial- NoDerivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.
DOI: 10.1002/prp2.894
Appears in Collections:Pharmacology publications

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