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Type: Journal article
Title: What makes a successful Sponge City project? Expert perceptions of critical factors in integrated urban water management in the Asia-Pacific
Author: Hawken, S.
Sepasgozar, S.
Prodanovic, V.
Jia, J.
Bakelmun, A.
Avazpour, B.
Che, S.
Zhang, K.
Citation: Sustainable Cities and Society, 2021; 75:103317-1-103317-17
Publisher: Elsevier
Issue Date: 2021
ISSN: 2210-6707
Statement of
Scott Hawken, S.M.E. Sepasgozar, Veljko Prodanovic, Jia Jing, Ashley Bakelmun, B. Avazpour, Shengquan Che, Kefeng Zhang
Abstract: Sponge City (SC) projects aim to replicate natural water cycles within urban settings, providing sustainable solutions to urban water management. However, there is a lack of understanding on the relative importance and performance of the significant factors that contribute to the success of SC projects. To address this, we conducted a survey of urban water experts from the two distinctive cultures of Australia and China, to generate insights on ‘what makes a successful Sponge City project?’. We also explored the relationships between success factors using importance performance analysis and structural equation modelling. Our findings demonstrate that whilst professionals think that the water management objectives have been dealt with in a satisfactory way, they also find that economic, socio-cultural and governance are addressed in an insufficient or fragmented way. Our research highlights both similarities and differences in the importance and performance of SC factors in two countries. In China greater attention to economic factors is required, while in Australia policy and governance factors require greater focus. Both China and Australia would benefit from further research on undervalued socio-cultural factors. Most importantly we find that SC projects require greater integration of substantive and procedural factors to address urban water challenges.
Keywords: project management
Low Impact Development
Nature-based solutions
water quality
long-term monitoring
Description: Available online 1 September 2021
Rights: © 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
DOI: 10.1016/j.scs.2021.103317
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