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dc.contributor.authorSantamaría, M.-
dc.contributor.authorNavazo, M.-
dc.contributor.authorArnold, L.J.-
dc.contributor.authorBenito‐Calvo, A.-
dc.contributor.authorDemuro, M.-
dc.contributor.authorCarbonell, E.-
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Quaternary Science, 2023; 38(5):658-684-
dc.descriptionFirst published: 09 February 2023-
dc.description.abstractHotel California is part of a network of open‐air Neanderthal sites located in the Sierra de Atapuerca (Burgos, Spain). In this study, we examine the technology of the lithic assemblages recovered from this site's archaeological levels 3 to 7, which are characterised by the use of local raw materials, non‐hierarchical centripetal exploitation systems, systematic production of flakes and few retouched items. This type of expedient technology is repeated throughout the entire sequence, which spans Marine Isotope Stages (MIS) 3 to 4. Through a comparison with the technocomplexes and occupation histories of surrounding sites – including a re‐evaluation of the published chronology for the nearby site of Fuente Mudarra, which is now dated exclusively to MIS 5 – we examine whether the detected pattern is applicable to the rest of the Atapuerca Mousterian record and if this expedient behaviour has equivalents in other sites in the region. Our findings show that the lithic procurement, exploitation and configuration strategies employed at the Sierra de Atapuerca open‐air sites were constant over broad time periods spanning MIS 5 to 3, in contrast to the technological sequences observed at other nearby sites on the Northern Iberian Plateau. The recurrent settlement of these open‐air Neanderthal sites over tens of thousands of years and the consistent use of expedient technologies during different occupation periods is likely attributable to the rich ecological context of the Sierra de Atapuerca environs.-
dc.description.statementofresponsibilityMarta Santamaría, Marta Navazo, Lee J. Arnold, Alfonso Benito-Calvo, Martina Demuro, and Eudald Carbonell-
dc.rights© 2023 The Authors Journal of Quaternary Science Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution‐NonCommercial‐NoDerivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non‐commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.-
dc.subjectexpedient technology; lithic technology; Neanderthals; open‐air sites; Sierra de Atapuerca-
dc.titleLow‐cost technologies in a rich ecological context: Hotel California open‐air site at Sierra de Atapuerca, Burgos, Spain-
dc.typeJournal article-
dc.identifier.orcidArnold, L.J. [0000-0001-9603-3824]-
dc.identifier.orcidDemuro, M. [0000-0002-5799-4216]-
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