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Type: Journal article
Title: Asia and the Pacific on the move: workers and refugees, a challenge to nation states
Author: Hugo, G.
Citation: Asia Pacific Viewpoint, 1997; 38(3):267-286
Publisher: Wiley
Issue Date: 1997
ISSN: 1360-7456
Abstract: <jats:p>In the last 30 years international migration has been transformed from being of little or no significance in Asia to being of substantial economic, social, political and demographic importance. Two types of migration which have increased greatly in significance since the 1970s are international labour migration and refugee movements. Throughout most of the last two decades Asia has had more refugees than any other world region, although numbers have declined in the 1990s with the success of resettlement and repatriation programmes for Indochinese refugees. On the other hand, international labour migration has continued to increase in scale and importance, with the majority of workers moving between Asian countries in the 1990s, although the Middle East remains an important destination. It is argued that two elements, proliferating migrant social networks and the emergence of a vibrant immigration industry, have given a momentum to international migration which to some extent limits the power of nation states to control it. There is some concern among countries in the region that the increase in migration is creating excessive economic dependence upon the export of labour. Fears that migration threatens social cohesion depend upon the extent to which migrants settle permanently in destination areas.</jats:p>
DOI: 10.1111/1467-8373.00047
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Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest 7
Australian Population and Migration Research Centre publications
Geography, Environment and Population publications

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