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|Title:||Disposition of gemfibrozil and gemfibrozil acyl glucuronide in the rat isolated perfused liver|
|Citation:||Drug Metabolism and Disposition, 1996; 24(9):984-989|
|Publisher:||WILLIAMS & WILKINS|
|Benedetta C. Sallustio, Barbara A. Fairchild, Kathryn Shanahan, Allan M. Evans, and Roger L. Nation|
|Abstract:||Acyl glucuronides are reactive electrophilic metabolites and in vivo are readily hydrolyzed, undergo intramolecular rearrangement, and bind covalently to proteins. The isolated perfused liver preparation, using male Sprague-Dawley rats, was used to examine the hepatic disposition of the fibrate hypolipidemic agent gemfibrozil and its acyl glucuronide metabolite, 1-O-gemfibrozil-beta-D-glucuronide. Using a recirculating design, erythrocyte-free perfusion medium containing 1% (w/v) albumin was delivered to the liver via the portal vein at a flow rate of 30 ml/min, and for each experiment was spiked with either gemfibrozil (N = 4) or 1-O-gemfibrozil-beta-D-glucuronide (N = 4) at initial concentrations of 120 microM and 21 microM, respectively. In the gemfibrozil perfusions, the mean (SD) total perfusate clearance, half-life, hepatic extraction ratio of gemfibrozil, and the fraction of eliminated gemfibrozil excreted in bile as the glucuronide conjugate were 2.73 (0.30) ml/min, 76.9 (5.6) min, 0.091 (0.012), and 0.347 (0.154), respectively. In the 1-O-gemfibrozil-beta-D-glucuronide perfusions, the mean (SD) total perfusate clearance, half-life, hepatic extraction ratio, and fraction excreted in bile as the glucuronide conjugate were 19.5 (2.1) ml/min, 8.7 (0.9) min, 0.649 (0.068), and 0.534 (0.077), respectively. The higher hepatic extraction ratio for 1-O-gemfibrozil-beta-D-glucuronide could mostly be attributed to its higher unbound fraction in perfusate (0.182), compared with that of the parent drug (0.004), because the conjugate had a lower intrinsic clearance (305 ml/min) compared with the aglycone (751 ml/min). Control perfusions, conducted in the absence of a liver, showed negligible degradation of 1-O-gemfibrozil-beta-D-glucuronide over 90 min. However, in the presence of a liver, approximately 25% of 1-O-gemfibrozil-beta-D-glucuronide added to perfusate was hydrolyzed to gemfibrozil over 90 min. The study demonstrates the importance of the liver in the formation, uptake, hydrolysis, and excretion of 1-O-gemfibrozil-beta-D-glucuronide.|
|Keywords:||Liver; Bile; Animals; Rats; Rats, Sprague-Dawley; Gemfibrozil; Glucuronates; Perfusion; Kinetics; Male; Hypolipidemic Agents|
|Rights:||Copyright © 1996 by The American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics|
|Appears in Collections:||Pharmacology publications|
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