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Type: Journal article
Title: Conditional moment closure modeling of turbulent nonpremixed combustion in diluted hot coflow
Author: Kim, S.
Huh, K.
Dally, B.
Citation: Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, 2005; 30(1):751-757
Publisher: The Combustion Institute
Issue Date: 2005
ISSN: 1540-7489
Statement of
Seung Hyun Kim, Kang Y. Huh, and Bassam Dally
Abstract: The conditional moment closure (CMC) model is applied to predict flame structures and NO formation in the moderate and intense low oxygen dilution combustion mode. The effects of oxygen concentration in a hot diluted oxidant stream are investigated in the experimental condition of Dally et al. [Proc. Combust. Inst. 29 (2002) 1147–1154]. The GRI 2.11 Mech is used for description of chemical reaction including NOx chemistry. The conditional scalar dissipation rate, which describes the effect of turbulent mixing on finite chemistry, is calculated by integrating the transport equation for probability density function (PDF). A new PDF is proposed to describe three stream mixing in terms of a single mixture fraction. The conditional mean predictions of temperature, and CO, OH, and NO mass fractions are in good agreement with measurements. The unconditional Favre mean predictions of CO and NO mass fractions are also in reasonable agreement. Upstream underprediction of OH and NO in the low oxygen concentration case may be attributed to uncertainty in low temperature reaction mechanism and mixing prediction. Differential diffusion effects are shown to be nonnegligible in the present flames. The CMC model is an attractive choice for simulation of MILD combustion in which conditional fluctuations of reactive scalars are small enough for first-order closure of conditional mean reaction rates to remain valid.
Keywords: MILD combustion; CMC; Turbulent nonpremixed flames
RMID: 0020050632
DOI: 10.1016/j.proci.2004.08.161
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Appears in Collections:Mechanical Engineering publications
Environment Institute publications

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