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Type: Journal article
Title: Patients with artificial joints: do they need antibiotic cover for dental treatment?
Author: Scott, J.
Morgan, D.
Avent, M.
Graves, S.
Goss, A.
Citation: Australian Dental Journal, 2005; 50(4SU Sup 2):S45-S53
Publisher: Australian Dental Assn Inc
Issue Date: 2005
ISSN: 0045-0421
Statement of
JF Scott, D Morgan, M Avent, S Graves and AN Goss
Abstract: This study reviews whether patients with artificial joints need antibiotic cover for dental treatment. Generally in Australia the practice has developed of giving most patients with artificial joints antibiotic prophylaxis for a wide range of dental procedures. This is partly on anecdotal grounds, partly historical and partly for legal concerns. It has been encouraged by some guidelines. Scientifically, the risk and the benefit of each step in the process needs to be analysed. This review shows that the risk of an artificial joint becoming infected from a bacteraemia of oral origin is exceedingly low whereas the risk of an adverse reaction to the antibiotic prophylaxis is higher than the risk of infection. If all patients with artificial joints receive antibiotic prophylaxis then more will die from anaphylaxis than develop infections. Factors which balance the risk benefit are if the patient is seriously immunocompromised, if the joint prosthesis is failing or chronically inflamed and if the dental procedures, such as from extractions and deep periodontal scaling, produce high level bacteraemias. Recommendations to rationalize antibiotic prophylaxis for patients with artificial joints are presented.
Keywords: Artificial joints; antibiotic prophylaxis; dental treatment
Description: The document attached has been archived with permission from the Australian Dental Association. An external link to the publisher’s copy is included.
RMID: 0020051698
DOI: 10.1111/j.1834-7819.2005.tb00386.x
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Appears in Collections:Dentistry publications

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