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Type: Journal article
Title: Antibiotic prophylaxis for endocarditis: time to reconsider
Author: Singh, J.
Straznicky, I.
Avent, M.
Goss, A.
Citation: Australian Dental Journal, 2005; 50(4SU Sup 2):S60-S68
Publisher: Australian Dental Assn Inc
Issue Date: 2005
ISSN: 0045-0421
Statement of
J Singh, I Straznicky, M Avent and AN Goss
Abstract: Some cardiac conditions require antibiotic prophylaxis for some types of dental treatment to reduce the risk of infective endocarditis (IE). All medical and dental practitioners are familiar with this practice but tend to use different regimens in apparently similar circumstances. Generally, the trend has been to prescribe antibiotics if in doubt. This review explores the evidence for antibiotic prophylaxis to prevent IE: does it work and is it safe? The changing nature of IE, the role of bacteraemia of oral origin and the safety of antibiotics are also reviewed. Most developed countries have national guidelines and their points of similarity and difference are discussed. One can only agree with the authority who describes antibiotic guidelines for endocarditis as being ‘like the Dead Sea Scrolls, they are fragmentary, imperfect, capable of various interpretations and (mainly) missing!’ Clinical case-controlled studies show that the more widely antibiotics are used, the greater the risk of adverse reactions exceeding the risk of IE. However, the consensus is that antibiotic prophylaxis is mandatory for a small number of high-risk cardiac and high-risk dental procedures. There are a large number of low-risk cardiac and dental procedures in which the risk of adverse reactions to the antibiotics exceeds the risk of IE, where prophylaxis should not be provided. There is an intermediate group of cardiac and dental procedures for which careful individual evaluation should be made to determine whether IE or antibiotics pose the greater risk. These categories are presented. All medical and dental practitioners need to reconsider their approach in light of these current findings.
Keywords: Antibiotic prophylaxis; endocarditis; dental treatment
Description: The document attached has been archived with permission from the Australian Dental Association. An external link to the publisher’s copy is included.
RMID: 0020051700
DOI: 10.1111/j.1834-7819.2005.tb00388.x
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Appears in Collections:Dentistry publications

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