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Type: Journal article
Title: Occupational blood and body fluid exposure in an Australian teaching hospital
Author: Bi, P.
Tully, P.
Pearce, S.
Hiller, J.
Citation: Epidemiology and Infection, 2006; 134(3):465-471
Publisher: Cambridge Univ Press
Issue Date: 2006
ISSN: 0950-2688
Statement of
P. Bi, P.J. Tully, S. Pearce and J.E. Hiller
Abstract: To examine work-related blood and body fluid exposure (BBFE) among health-care workers (HCWs), to explore potential risk factors and to provide policy suggestions, a 6-year retrospective study of all reported BBFE among HCWs (1998–2003) was conducted in a 430-bed teaching hospital in Australia. Results showed that BBFE reporting was consistent throughout the study period, with medical staff experiencing the highest rate of sharps injury (10.4%). Hollow-bore needles were implicated in 51.7% of all percutaneous injuries. Most incidents occurred during sharps use (40.4%) or after use but before disposal (27.1%). Nursing staff experienced 68.5% of reported mucocutaneous exposure. Many such exposures occurred in the absence of any protective attire (61.1%). This study indicated that emphasis on work practice, attire, disposal systems and education strategies, as well as the use of safety sharps should be employed to reduce work-related injuries among HCWs in Australia.
Keywords: Body Fluids; Humans; Blood-Borne Pathogens; Needlestick Injuries; Retrospective Studies; Occupational Exposure; Health Personnel; Hospitals, Teaching; Infectious Disease Transmission, Patient-to-Professional
Rights: © 2005 Cambridge University Press
RMID: 0020051288
DOI: 10.1017/S0950268805005212
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Environment Institute publications

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