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|Title:||The role of location in indigenous and non-indigenous child oral health|
|Citation:||Journal of Public Health Dentistry, 2006; 66(2):123-130|
|Publisher:||AAPHD National Office|
|Lisa M. Jamieson, Jason M. Armfield and Kaye F. Roberts-Thomson|
|Abstract:||Objective: To examine the role of location in Indigenous and non-Indigenous child oral health in three Australian states and territories. The Association of Indigenous status and residential location with caries prevalence, severity and unmet treatment need was examined. Methods: Data were collected as part of a national monitoring suivey of 4–14-year-old children enrolled in school dental services in New South Wales, South Australia and the Northern Territory, Australia. Results: Of the 326,099 children examined, 10,473 (3.2%) were Indigenous. Fewer 4–10-year-old rural Indigenous children were caries-free in the deciduous dentition than their non-Indigenous counterparts and rural Indigenous children had almost twice the mean number of decayed, missing and filled teeth (dmft) of rural non-Indigenous children. The % d/dmft was higher among rural Indigenous children than rural non-Indigenous children. Fewer 6–14-year-old rural Indigenous children were caries-free in the permanent dentition than their non-Indigenous counterparts and rural Indigenous children had almost twice the mean DMFT of rural non-Indigenous children. The % D/DMFT was higher in rural Indigenous than rural non-Indigenous children. Living in a rural location was the strongest indicator of canes prevalence, severity and unmet treatment need in the deciduous dentition of Indigenous 4–0-year-olds while being Socially disadvantaged was the strongest indicator of poor oral health outcomes among older indigenous and all non-Indigenous children. Conclusions: Living in a rural location exhibited the strongest Association with poor oral health outcomes for young Indigenous children but was also Associated with poorer oral health among older Indigenous and non-Indigenous children.|
|Keywords:||children; dental caries; indigenous; location|
|Description:||The definitive version is available at www.blackwell-synergy.com|
|Appears in Collections:||Dentistry publications|
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