Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/22666
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Type: Journal article
Title: Cognitive vulnerability: A model of the etiology of fear
Author: Armfield, J.
Citation: Clinical Psychology Review, 2006; 26(6):746-768
Publisher: Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd
Issue Date: 2006
ISSN: 0272-7358
1873-7811
Abstract: This paper attempts to fill the partial theoretical vacuum surrounding the understanding of fear acquisition. A review of recent and contemporary theories of the etiology of fear is presented, serving as a justification for further theorizing and allowing for greater understanding of those aspects of fear that remain to be adequately explained. A new model of the etiology of specific fears is subsequently put forward and the various aspects and implications of this model are discussed. How an individual perceives a stimulus is proposed as being critical in determining fear in relation to the stimulus. In particular, perceptions of the stimulus as uncontrollable, unpredictable, dangerous and disgusting create a schema of vulnerability. The Cognitive Vulnerability Model integrates much of the extensive body of research on fears and specific phobias into a unifying theory of the etiology of fear. The model offers parsimonious explanations for the various characteristics of specific fears and phobias.
Keywords: fear; etiology; cognitive vulnerability; model; phobia
RMID: 0020061417
DOI: 10.1016/j.cpr.2006.03.007
Appears in Collections:Dentistry publications

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