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Type: Journal article
Title: Neuropsychological consequences of extreme weight loss and dietary restriction in patients with Anorexia Nervosa
Author: Mathias, J.
Kent, P.
Citation: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 1998; 20(4):548-564
Issue Date: 1998
ISSN: 1380-3395
Statement of
Jane L. Mathias & Patricia S. Kent
Abstract: This study examined the effects of weight loss and nutritional status on the cognitive performance of patients with anorexia nervosa. The intellectual, memory, attentional, verbal fluency and visuospatial abilities of 34 females with anorexia were compared to that of 31 normal weight-for-height females. Group differences in anxiety and depression were found but neither variable was related to the cognitive performance of patients with anorexia. Moreover, nutritional status and weight loss bore little relationship to the cognitive scores of the patient group. Overall, patients with anorexia were found to be deficient in their ability to recall meaningful prose and visuospatial information. The failure to find many cognitive deficits in this sample may reflect the fact that few patients with anorexia exhibited frank nutritional deficiencies.
Keywords: Humans; Weight Loss; Verbal Behavior; Intelligence; Cognition; Memory; Space Perception; Psychomotor Performance; Attention; Anorexia Nervosa; Neuropsychological Tests; Nutritional Status; Eating; Reference Values; Adult; Female
RMID: 0030006502
DOI: 10.1076/jcen.20.4.548.1476
Appears in Collections:Psychology publications

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