Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/3309
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Type: Journal article
Title: Vulnerability to criminal exploitation: Influence of interpersonal competence differences among people with mental retardation
Author: Wilson, C.
Seaman, L.
Nettelbeck, T.
Citation: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 1996; 40(1):8-16
Publisher: Blackwell Science
Issue Date: 1996
ISSN: 1365-2788
0964-2633
Statement of
Responsibility: 
C. Wilson, L Seaman and T. Nettelbeck
Abstract: A study by Wilson & Brewer (1992) has indicated that people with mental retardation are at greater risk of having a crime committed against them than age-matched cohorts from the general population. The present study was designed to test the hypothesis that this heightened vulnerability is partially explained in terms of behavioural shortcomings reflecting interpersonal competence. Twenty victims of crime and 20 nonvictims, all with mental retardation, were recruited so that means for age, adaptive behaviour and IQ were similar. Groups were compared on the Test of Interpersonal Competence and Personal Vulnerability (TICPV) developed for the present study. Results showed poorer interpersonal competence among the victims, indicating that victims had difficulty in deciding on the appropriate behaviour in some interactions. Performance on the test was shown to be internally consistent, stable over time and a valid measure of vulnerability. The study concluded with recommendations for more detailed investigation of the precise behaviours which influence risk as a first step in an attempt at remediation.
Keywords: Behavioural shortcomings; crime; interpersonal competence; mental retardation; victimization; vulnerability
Rights: © 1996 Blackwell Science Ltd.
RMID: 0030006498
DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2788.1996.tb00597.x
Appears in Collections:Psychology publications

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