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Type: Journal article
Title: Oral health-related quality of life in patients treated with fixed, removable and complete dentures 1 month and 6 to 12 months after treatment
Author: John, M.
Slade, G.
Szentpetery, A.
Setz, J.
Citation: International Journal of Prosthodontics, 2004; 17(5):503-511
Publisher: Quintessence Publ Co Inc
Issue Date: 2004
ISSN: 0893-2174
Statement of
Mike T. John, Gary D. Slade, András Szentpétery, Jürgen M. Setz
Abstract: PURPOSE: This study described oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) before and after treatment in patients with fixed, removable, and complete dentures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: OHRQoL was measured using the German version of the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-G) in a convenience sample of 107 prosthodontic patients at baseline and 1 and 6 to 12 months after treatment. The sum of OHIP-G item responses (OHIP-G49, range 0 to 196) characterized OHRQoL impairment in 42 patients treated with fixed prosthodontics, 31 patients treated with removable dentures, and 34 patients treated with complete dentures. OHIP-G49 medians were compared with the OHRQoL level in a general population sample (n = 2,026). A multivariable binomial regression analysis, controlling for the effects of baseline OHRQoL and follow-up wave, was used to compare the level of impaired OHRQoL in different prosthodontic treatment groups at follow-ups. RESULTS: OHRQoL improved in 96% of the subjects. OHIP-G49 medians reached the level of OHRQoL in the general population 1 month after treatment (fixed prosthodontics patients 6 OHIP-G units; general population subjects 5 units; removable denture patients 23 units, 15 units in general population subjects; complete denture patients 13 units, 23 units in general population subjects). OHIP-G49 medians were below population norms 6 to 12 months after treatment. In patients treated with removable/complete dentures, the expected posttreatment OHIP-G49 problem rate was 1.9 times the problem rate in patients treated with fixed prosthodontics, holding baseline OHIP-G49 and follow-up wave constant. CONCLUSION: OHRQoL changed substantially comparing pretreatment scores with 1 and 6 to 12 months of follow-up in patients treated with fixed, removable, and complete dentures.
Keywords: Humans
Sickness Impact Profile
Linear Models
Binomial Distribution
Longitudinal Studies
Prospective Studies
Denture, Complete
Denture, Partial, Fixed
Denture, Partial, Removable
Quality of Life
Aged, 80 and over
Middle Aged
Surveys and Questionnaires
Rights: Copyright © 2004 Quintessence Publishing
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Dentistry publications

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