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Type: Journal article
Title: Oral diseases and conditions in community-living older adults with and without dementia
Author: Chalmers, J.
Carter, K.
Spencer, A.
Citation: Special Care in Dentistry: managing special patients, settings, and situations, 2003; 23(1):7-17
Publisher: Federation of Special Care Organizations in Dentistry
Issue Date: 2003
ISSN: 0275-1879
Statement of
Jane M Chalmers, Knute D Carter, A John Spencer
Abstract: This study compared the prevalence and experiences of oral diseases and conditions, as well as tooth loss and retained root status, in community-dwelling older adults with and without dementia. Dental examinations were conducted at baseline and at one-year for randomly selected samples of 116 dentate community-living older adults with dementia and a comparable group of 116 adults without dementia. Participants with dementia had significantly higher experiences of oral diseases and conditions at baseline and one-year compared with participants without dementia: decreased use of dentures; increased prevalence of denture-related oral mucosal lesions; increased plaque accumulation; increased prevalence and experiences of coronal and root caries; and increased numbers of decayed retained tooth roots. These higher experiences of oral diseases and conditions were related to dementia severity, not to specific dementia diagnoses. Participants with dementia already had a compromised oral health status when admitted into institutional long-term care between baseline and one-year; of concern were the high plaque levels on the natural teeth of the group of institutionalized participants with dementia.
Keywords: Tooth Root
Mouth Diseases
Tooth Loss
Tooth Diseases
Dental Caries
Root Caries
Dental Plaque Index
DMF Index
Statistics, Nonparametric
Longitudinal Studies
Follow-Up Studies
Cross-Sectional Studies
Health Status
Aged, 80 and over
Description: Copyright © 2003 Federation of Special Care Organizations in Dentistry
DOI: 10.1111/j.1754-4505.2003.tb00283.x
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Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest 2
Dentistry publications

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