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Type: Conference paper
Title: The Detection and Location of Leakage, Blockage and Air Pockets Using Radar-Based Techniques
Author: Vitkovsky, J.
Stephens, M.
Lee, P.
Simpson, A.
Lambert, M.
Citation: Regional Conference Proceedings, Adelaide, Aug. 6 2003 / Australian Water Association, South Australian Branch: pp.1-8
Publisher: Australian Water Association
Issue Date: 2003
Conference Name: Australian Water Association. South Australian Branch. Regional Conference (2003 : Adelaide, S. Aust.)
Statement of
John Vítkovský, Mark Stephens, Pedro Lee, Angus Simpson, Martin Lambert
Abstract: Pipelines are the major means by which fluids are efficiently transported in the world. However, due to the age of the pipeline, the type of product conveyed and other factors, pipelines experience deterioration and commonly develop different faults. There are many types of pipeline faults; the most common of which are the development of leaks, blockages and air pockets. These faults have many undesirable effects on the system, such as loss of product, increase in operating and treatment costs and a reduction in water quality. Radar and sonar technologies use transient electromagnetic and sound waves to gather information from their environment. These technologies have been well developed by the military over the last fifty years. A direct analogy can be made between radar and sonar systems and fault detection in pipelines. In this paper a pipeline system is "pinged" with a pressure transient and the pressure response measured. The measured response contains reflections from the different faults. Three techniques are considered for radar-based fault detection, they are: (1) reflection-based inverse transient analysis; (2) reflection timing algorithms; and (3) impulse response analysis. Although at a developmental stage, results are presented for numerical case studies and experimental data.
Keywords: Leakage
Blockage and Air Pocket Detection
Fluid Transients
Radar-Based Algorithms
Rights: Copyright status unknown
Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest
Civil and Environmental Engineering publications
Environment Institute publications

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