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|Title:||Caries prevalence and severity in urban Fijian school children|
|Citation:||International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry, 2004; 14(1):34-40|
|Publisher:||Blackwell Publishing Ltd.|
|L. M. Jamieson, W. M. Thomson & R. Mcgee|
|Abstract:||Objectives. To determine the prevalence and severity of dental caries in a sample of urban Fijian school children. Design. Cross-sectional. Sample and methods. Children aged between 6 and 8 years who attended one of four primary schools in different localities of Suva completed self-report questionnaires and were examined for dental caries. Results. A total of 704 children (response rate = 72·4%) returned questionnaires and were examined dentally. The prevalence of dental caries in the primary dentition was 87·6% and in the permanent dentition, 46·7%. The mean dfs and mean DFS were 8·43 (SD 7·82) and 2·38 (SD 1·37), respectively. High caries prevalence and severity were associated with infrequent brushing, snacking on sugar-containing foods, having seen a dentist before, and having last visited a dentist because of pain. Conclusions. The caries prevalence of the sample was comparable with findings from a national oral health survey conducted in 1985/86, but the caries severity was greater. As in other developing countries, this may be due to an increased availability of refined sugar products without a concurrent rise in oral health awareness. The study findings contribute to the overall picture of Fijian school children's dental health.|
|Keywords:||Tooth, Deciduous; Humans; Dental Caries; Dietary Sucrose; DMF Index; Prevalence; Analysis of Variance; Statistics, Nonparametric; Cross-Sectional Studies; Dental Care; Toothbrushing; Feeding Behavior; Developing Countries; Child; Urban Health; Fiji; Female; Male|
|Description:||The definitive version is available at www.blackwell-synergy.com|
|Appears in Collections:||Dentistry publications|
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