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Type: Journal article
Title: Gingival crevicular fluid interleukin-1β, prostaglandin E₂and periodontal status in a community population
Other Titles: Gingival crevicular fluid interleukin-1beta, prostaglandin E(2)and periodontal status in a community population
Author: Zhong, Y.
Slade, G.
Beck, J.
Offenbacher, S.
Citation: Journal of Clinical Periodontology, 2007; 34(4):285-293
Publisher: Blackwell Munksgaard
Issue Date: 2007
ISSN: 0303-6979
Statement of
Y. Zhong, G. D. Slade, J. D. Beck and S. Offenbacher
Abstract: Aim: Interleukin-1 β (IL-1β) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) are key inflammatory mediators involved in periodontal disease. The purposes of this molecular cross-sectional epidemiological study were to investigate relationships in a community sample between mean concentrations of IL-1β and PGE2 in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and (1) clinical periodontal signs and (2) risk factors of host inflammatory response and/or periodontal disease. Material and Methods: The sample comprised 6277 community-dwelling adults aged 52–74 years enrolled in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study. IL-1β and PGE2 concentrations were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Person-level summary variables were computed for maximum pocket depth (MaxPD), maximum clinical attachment level (MaxCAL) and presence/absence of bleeding on probing (BOP). Mean GCF IL-1β and PGE2 concentrations were dependent variables in multiple linear regression models with periodontal measures and covariates as explanatory variables. Results: Both GCF IL-1β and PGE2 were positively related to MaxPD and BOP in multiple regression models (p<0.01). Increased levels of IL-1β and PGE2 were associated with body mass index 30 kg/m2. Conclusion: Higher levels of GCF IL-1β and PGE2 were significantly associated with clinical signs of periodontal disease and independently related to patient-based anthropomorphic measures, behaviours and exposures in community-dwelling adults.
Keywords: Gingival Crevicular Fluid
Periodontal Diseases
Body Mass Index
Periodontal Index
Linear Models
Least-Squares Analysis
Cross-Sectional Studies
Middle Aged
North Carolina
Molecular Epidemiology
Description: The definitive version is available at
DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-051X.2007.01057.x
Published version:
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Dentistry publications

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