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|Title:||A potential surface map of the H-/N₂O system. The gas phase ion chemistry of HN₂O-|
|Other Titles:||A potential surface map of the H-/N(2)O system. The gas phase ion chemistry of HN(2)O-|
|Citation:||Australian Journal of Chemistry, 1995; 48(2):155-165|
|John C. Sheldon, Richard A. J. Ohair, Kevin M. Downard, Scott Gronert, Michele Krempp, Charles H. Depuy and John H. Bowie|
|Abstract:||Dunkin, Fehsenfeld and Ferguson have reported that the gas phase reaction between H- and N2O in a flowing afterglow instrument forms HO- and N2 with medium efficiency. The potential surface (UMP2-FC/6-311++G**//RHF/6-311++G**) for the H-/N2O system confirms this to be the predominant reaction following initial approach of H- towards the central nitrogen of N2O to form unstable intermediate [H-(N2O)]. The intermediate then decomposes to HO- and N2 via a deep channel. The potential surface also shows the direct formation of adducts -O-+N(H)=N- and cis HN=NO-. However, these are formed with excess energy: the former converts principally into reactants, while the latter decomposes to HO- and N2. Ions having the formula 'HN2O-' may be formed in the gas phase by the reactions ( i ) HNO-+N2O → HN2O-+NO, and (ii) NH2-+Me3CCH2ONO → HN2O-+Me3CCH2OH. The product anion is stabilized by removal of some of its excess energy by the eliminated neutral. Evidence is presented which indicates that the product is either cis or trans HN=NO-, or a mixture of both. The characteristic ion molecule reaction of HN=NO- involves oxidative oxygen transfer to suitable neutral substrates. For example: HN2O-+CS2 → HS-+N2+COS.|
|Rights:||© CSIRO 1995|
|Appears in Collections:||Chemistry publications|
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