Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Scopus||Web of Science®||Altmetric|
|Title:||Mutations in UPF3B, a member of the nonsense-mediated mRNA decay complex, cause syndromic and nonsyndromic mental retardation|
|Citation:||Nature Genetics, 2007; 39(9):1127-1133|
|Publisher:||Nature Publishing Group|
|Organisation:||Centre for the Molecular Genetics of Development|
|Patrick S Tarpey, F Lucy Raymond, Lam S Nguyen, Jayson Rodriguez, Anna Hackett, Lucianne Vandeleur, Raffaella Smith, Cheryl Shoubridge, Sarah Edkins, Claire Stevens, Sarah O'Meara, Calli Tofts, Syd Barthorpe, Gemma Buck, Jennifer Cole, Kelly Halliday, Katy Hills, David Jones, Tatiana Mironenko, Janet Perry, Jennifer Varian, Sofie West, Sara Widaa, John Teague, Ed Dicks, Adam Butler, Andrew Menzies, David Richardson, Andrew Jenkinson, Rebecca Shepherd, Keiran Raine, Jenny Moon, Yin Luo, Josep Parnau, Shambhu S Bhat, Alison Gardner, Mark Corbett, Doug Brooks, Paul Thomas, Emma Parkinson-Lawrence, Mary E Porteous, John P Warner, Tracy Sanderson, Pauline Pearson, Richard J Simensen, Cindy Skinner, George Hoganson, Duane Superneau, Richard Wooster, Martin Bobrow, Gillian Turner, Roger E Stevenson, Charles E Schwartz, P Andrew Futreal, Anand K Srivastava, Michael R Stratton & Jozef Gécz|
|Abstract:||Nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD) is of universal biological significance1, 2, 3. It has emerged as an important global RNA, DNA and translation regulatory pathway4. By systematically sequencing 737 genes (annotated in the Vertebrate Genome Annotation database) on the human X chromosome in 250 families with X-linked mental retardation, we identified mutations in the UPF3 regulator of nonsense transcripts homolog B (yeast) (UPF3B) leading to protein truncations in three families: two with the Lujan-Fryns phenotype5, 6 and one with the FG phenotype7. We also identified a missense mutation in another family with nonsyndromic mental retardation. Three mutations lead to the introduction of a premature termination codon and subsequent NMD of mutant UPF3B mRNA. Protein blot analysis using lymphoblastoid cell lines from affected individuals showed an absence of the UPF3B protein in two families. The UPF3B protein is an important component of the NMD surveillance machinery8, 9. Our results directly implicate abnormalities of NMD in human disease and suggest at least partial redundancy of NMD pathways.|
|Keywords:||Humans; Mental Retardation, X-Linked; Syndrome; RNA-Binding Proteins; Gene Expression Profiling; Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction; Pedigree; DNA Mutational Analysis; Immunoblotting; Sequence Homology, Amino Acid; Mutation; Amino Acid Sequence; Family Health; Molecular Sequence Data; Codon, Nonsense; Cell Line, Transformed; RNA Stability; RNA, Messenger; Female; Male|
|Rights:||© 2007 Nature Publishing Group|
|Appears in Collections:||Molecular and Biomedical Science publications|
Centre for the Molecular Genetics of Development publications
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.